Annotated Bibliography on Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic (DR)

Demographic Profile

Location: The Dominican Republic is located in the Caribbean, on the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti.

Area: Total: 48,730 sq km; Land: 48,380 sq km; Water: 350 sq km.

Climate: The climate is considered tropical maritime, meaning it has little seasonal temperature variation and seasonal variation in rainfall.

Natural resources: Nickel, bauxite, gold, and silver.

Land use: Arable land: 21.08%; permanent crops: 9.92%; Other: 69%.

8,721,594 (2002 estimate).

Age structure: 0-14 years: 33.7% (male 1,503,344; female 1,439,157); 15-64 years: 61.3% (male 2,720,308; female 2,621,539); 65 years and over: 5% (male 206,556; female 230,690).

Nationality: Dominican.

Ethnic groups: White 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%.

Religion: Roman Catholic: 95%.

Languages: Spanish.

Literacy (meaning age 15 and over can read and write): Total population: 82.1%;

male: 82%; female: 82.2%.

Gross Domestic product (GDP): $50 billion.

GDP per capita: $5,800.

GDP – composition by sector: Agriculture: 11%; industry: 34%; services: 55%.

Gross National Product: $14 billion.

GNP per capita: $1,750.

External Debt: $5.4 billion.

Economic aid received: $239.6 million.

Labor force: 2.3 million – 2.6 million.

Unemployment rate: 15%.

Industries: Tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco.

Unique Cultural Features of Society in the Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic’s (DR) modern society features cultural elements that are mainly Spanish in origin (Connelly, Doggett, 2002). Taino influence is limited to certain areas and vocabulary words, while the African influence has been minimized.

There is a preference in DR society for light skin and Caucasian racial features. Dominicans perceive themselves as descendants of the island’s Indians and the Spanish, rather than accepting their African heritage. While most Dominicans are a mix of black and white, or black and Spanish, the African part if largely neglected.

Still, the African background of the DR is apparent in its music and art. The drum beats of the Meringue and the Tipico are distinctly African.

Another unique aspect of the DR’s culture is its architecture, which includes the meticulously preserved colonial Spanish buildings of Santo Domingo, the first European city of the Americas, and the brightly colored farmhouses of the country. The DR is full of color and style, which makes it a great place for sightseeing.

Major Economic and Political developments

The Dominican Republic was once ruled by Spain. However, in 1697, Spain recognized French dominion over the western third of the island, which subsequently became Haiti. The remainder of the island, which is known as Santo Domingo, tried to gain independence in 1821, but was conquered and ruled by the Haitians for two decades. In 1844, this potion of the land acquired independence as the Dominican Republic in 1844.

For more than a century, the Dominican Republic was largely unsettled and unrepresentative. However, in 1966, when Joaquin Balaguer became president, the rule of the country changed. Balaguer was in power for three decades until international reaction to flawed elections ended his reign. Since then, regular competitive elections have been held to elect the president. As a result of this improved political structure, the DR economy has had one of the fastest growth rates in the area.

In the past, the Dominican Republic has been mainly dependent on the export of sugar and other agricultural products. However, in recent years, the country has transformed into the most popular tourist destination in the Caribbean. Tourism is now one of the country’s most important sources of foreign exchange.

These social, economic and political changes have had a tremendous impact in shaping the DR’s modern society. While most of the DR’s residents are people of mixed European and African origins, Western influence is strong force in the area and is evident the colonial buildings of the capital, Santo Domingo, as well as in the country’s art and literature. The African heritage dominates the music.

While the DR remains one of the most economically challenged countries in the Caribbean, there is a tremendous gap between the rich and the poor. The richest people are the white descendants of Spanish settlers, owning the majority of the land, while the poorest are the people of African descent. In between, the mixed race majority dominates most of the DR’s commerce.

Major Change in the DR’s Society

As a result of tourism, remittances, construction, telecommunications, and the free-zone assembly plants, the DR is becoming largely influenced by globalization, leading to incredible economic growth rates.

The DR’s capital, once a sleepy rural town, is now a booming metropolis with middle-class suburbs (McMillan, 2002). The Caribbean’s largest shopping mall is being developed in the working-class neighborhoods, east of the Ozama River. Several major new construction projects are bringing new apartments, office complexes, and manufacturing plants to the DR. And tourism is booming.

These changes are consequently changing the lives of Dominicans throughout the country. Rather than sewing articles of clothes, which is costly and time consuming, the village seamstresses are buying clothes at the Haitian border to resell at a higher profit. Peasant farms are being sold to wealthy horse-farmers or to large corporations for larger-scale farming. Small farms are unable to compete with these mass-production farms that use machinery. Many small farmers have given up on farming and gone to work in the factories. Others have opened businesses in the cities and villages.

In addition, many restaurants have been put out of business because of the growth of fast food. The traditional siesta hour is no longer a necessity because it is easier and more efficient to grab some fast food rather than taking the lengthy siesta break for lunch and a quick nap.

On the positive side, Dominicans now have access to technology and greater amounts of information. Telephone lines have extended across the DR, expanding communication. Computers with Internet access are now seen in many private houses, schools and public libraries.

More and more people can afford cars, and the quality of highways and driving conditions has vastly improved. Entertainment now includes more movie theaters, movie rentals, bowling alleys, and concerts.

Globalization has transformed the Dr. And is continuing to do so every day. The rest of the world is influencing the culture and the new economy is building a name for the DR in the global environment.


Connolly, Joyce, Doggett, Scott. Lonely Planet Dominican Republic and Haiti (Dominican Republic and Haiti, 2nd Ed). Lonely Planet, 2002.

McMillan, Carol. Globalization and the Dominican Republic: Transformations in Everyday Life. Coyote Magazine, May 22, 2002.

World Factbook 2002. Dominican Republic. Retrieved online on 3/18/03 at

Source: World Factbook 2002. Dominican Republic. Retrieved online on 3/18/03 at

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper