Cosmological Proof of the Existence of God
Thomas Aquinas proposed the cosmological proof of the existence of God, which was founded on the concept of the ‘first cause’ (Mosser 1). As Aquinas explains everything that exists today has been created by a person, and for that reason, because human beings are also creations of another, then there must be a supreme being that was responsible for the creation of humanity. Using his observation on the complexity and sophisticated engineering that characterizes the human and animal body, Aquinas argues that there must exist another being that is involved in the creation of humanity (Mosser 1). The primary principle of this theory is that something must have caused humanity and the rest of the universe to exist, and for that reason, God must exist. Without the existence of a being to create humanity and the rest of the animals on earth, then it would be impossible to explain where humanity originated from. In essence, Aquinas’ theory of the existence of God argues that human beings are too complex to have formed on their own.
A closer and critical examination of the ideas presented by Aquinas as compared to the works of other philosophers, the cosmological proof of God’s existence seems as the most viable explanation with regards to the existence of God. This is because of various reasons such as the fact that the theory recognizes God as a supreme being. According to the cosmological theory of God’s existence God is referred to as being supreme since he is responsible for the creation of humanity. Most opposers argue that this theory contradicts itself because it argues for the first cause but does not explain where God came from or who created this being called “God”. The argument here is that if indeed everything must have been caused by something, then it is only logical that God must have also been caused by another being. However, though such arguments may appear to have a concrete case, they fail to realize that God is a supreme being and cannot be compared to human beings and animals. This theory is also closely associated with the traditional religious theories regarding the existence of God, thus making it the most viable explanation regarding the existence of God. The theory carries both philosophical and religious connotations, thus can easily be understood by individuals. It allows people to critically think about God and his existence and does not fall short of illustrating his supremacy above the rest of the universe. It allows people to critically think about the well-famed question “What Came First, The Chicken or The Egg”, and because no one can find a logical answer for this question, the only explanation is the existence of a God (Mosser 1).
Philosophy is centered on finding answers to questions that human beings have been trouble with throughout history. By trying to prove the existence of God, philosophers assist human beings to make sense of the world and the existence of everything in the universe. Without providing proof of the existence of God, human beings would lose meaning in their lives and they will not live in the fear of God hence causing a considerable amount of chaos. It is, therefore necessary for philosophers to provide such proofs as it assures a balance in the world and inhibits chaos and destruction.
Mosser K. A concise Introduction to Philosophy. San Diego: Bridgepoint Education Inc, 2001.
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