Dimensions that relate to cross-cultural counselling

Aaron Hernandez

Experts believe that Aaron Hernandez mental state as a killer could have possibly been brought on by an injury. Aaron Hernandez’s suspected violent past, not to mention his most recent murder charge, was possibly brought on by some kind of head trauma the former Patriots tight end had gone through on the field, as stated by skilled forensic psychiatrist and Fox News sponsor Dr. Keith Ablow. Experts have been saying that the shrink said many incidences in Hernandez’s life could of lead to his suspected vicious history. Among them, a head trauma that the previous New England Patriot had suffered while on the field in addition to his reported relationship with the Bristol Bloods gang and also the passing of his father when Hernandez was just 16-year-old. “Childhood mental trauma, feelings of powerlessness, drug use, recurrent head trauma and contact to street gangs is the textbook route that leads to having to spend decades in prison,” (Selvarajah, 2006)an expert wrote in a column. Ablow, who made the point that he has been assessing violent women and men for almost twenty years and appearing at their trials, claimed demons from Hernandez’s distressed childhood were worsened by the NFL, where players are much-admired for violent conduct and paid large amounts of money to do so (Crockett, 2012). With that said, this paper will discuss Aaron Hernandez’s situation and how psychological factors played in his personality as a killer.

Synopsis

In November 6, 1989, a man by the name of Aaron Michael Hernandez was born. Years later, he would grow up to be an American football tight end player. He was not just any player, Hernandez would then be drafted into the NFL and then play for the New England Patriots. However, before all of this happened, he would start off his football career by playing played college football for the University of Florida. Here, Hernandez became a member of a BCS National Championship team, where he was able to earn the All-American honors, and then soon became recognized as one of the most exceptional college tight ends throughout the entire nation. Hernandez was then drafted by the Patriots which took place in the fourth round of the 2010 NFL Draft. Not long after the draft, Aaron would be was selected for the Pro-Bowl after going into his second season in the NFL.

During, August 27, 2012, Hernandez signed with the Patriots giving him a five-year extension, which ran all the way through to 2018. This extension would include a $14.5 million signing bonus, which turned out to be the biggest signing bonus that had ever been given to an NFL tight end. (Crockett, 2012)It was also the second-biggest extension ever, which was after teammate Rob Gronkowski’s who had a $53 million extension.

However, troubles surfaced and the Patriots decided to let Aaron Hernandez go from his contract on June 26, 2013, not long after officers from the Massachusetts State Police and the North Attleboro, Massachusetts, police department arrested Hernandez at his home in the link with the shooting death of a man named Odin Lloyd. At this time, Hernandez has been charged with five firearms-related charges and first-degree murder (Selvarajah, 2006)The story does not end there because Hernandez is also being investigated concerning many other examples of violence, which includes multiple murders, in both Massachusetts and Florida. However, some mental health experts believe that Hernandez was mentally unstable and that he is not responsible for the crimes but that the NFL had something to do with his psychological development. Others in mental health do not exclusively put the blame the NFL for Hernandez’s complications, though some do mention that the league did not care about the emotional steadiness of its players. Some mental health experts believe that Hernandez’s lack of positive male role models, throughout his youth, as influences that could have unfavorably had something to do with the 23-year-old. After Hernandez’s father died, his mother’s second husband, named Jeffrey Cummings, apparently spent some time in jail for slashing her with a knife and her then divorced the step father while he was in prison.

Community Mental Health Model

The community health model known as the RESPECTFUL model of assessment and counseling embraces a broad and inclusive definition. The comprehensive diversity frame work consists of ten factors which will be used to assess Aaron Hernandez. These factors were actually picked because they are recognized for affecting client’s psychological development and personal well-being in numerous vital ways. However, it is important to understand that the components contained in this model do not represent an exhaustive listing of the factors that the development of Aaron Hernandez. The following are the specific factors to which the RESPECTFUL framework directs its attention towards Hernandez.

R-religious/spiritual identity

This touches upon the way the individual personally identifies with religion and their beliefs. Aaron Hernandez had a lot of religious tattoos on his body but did not belong to any particular religion or belief.

E-economic class background

Aaron Hernandez grew up in poverty among the gang conflict that is in the city of Bristol, Connecticut. It is generally wondered upon that Hernandez is a possible member of the Latin Kings street gang.

S-sexual identity

Aaron Hernandez is identified as a heterosexual male.

P-level of psychological maturity

The psychological report said Aaron Hernandez might get along pretty good with most of his teammates, nevertheless “will discover very little time to assist them.” others that his replies “propose he enjoys living on the edge of satisfactory behavior and that he could possibly be disposed to partying too much and doing questionable things that could be seen as an issue for him and those that are on his team.”

E-ethnic/racial identity

Theoretically Aaron Hernandez’s race is basically Hispanic. Hernandez ethnicity background goes as the following: his father is from a Puerto Rican decent and his mother is of Italian background

C-chronological/developmental challenges

Aaron Hernandez had challenges growing up with a single mother but living in an infested gang neighborhood. He was prone to a lot of the peer pressure at school and in the neighborhood.

T-various forms of trauma and threats to one’s sense of well being

Doctors believe that a head trauma injury to the head caused Hernandez to have to type of chemical imbalance in the brain that may have caused some troubled behavior on his behalf.

F-family background and history

His mother was abused by the stepfather but other than that there are no other signs of mental illness or anything that may be some kind of disorder. His father died when he was a teenager but not much is known about his family history and background.

U-unique physical characteristics

Hernandez is about six feet and weighs around 200 pounds. However, that is not what made him so unique. His tattoos are what make him very unique. The evidence, up until now, proposes Hernandez is allied with the Bristol Bloods. Exhibit A: the bloods sign that he has thrown up in a photo taken at age 6; exhibit B: he has on a completely red outfit in the same photo; and exhibit C: a tattoo that openly says “Blood” written all over his hand.

L-location of residence and language differences

Aaron Hernandez was living with his girlfriend and 7-month year old daughter. He lives in a luxury town house not far from the beach.

Axis I through V

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is the method wherein the DSM-IV will try to deal with “the whole person.” It cultivates out of the professional belief that, so as to interfere positively in a psychiatric or emotional disorder, we will need to be able to consider the affected person from a diversity of viewpoints.

In DSM-IV, clinical disorders are normally all listed on 3 separate axes as talked about below. Axis I refer approximately to the principal disorder that needs instant attention; Aaron Hernandez’s may have possibly an exacerbation of schizophrenia. Doctors that are examining Aaron Hernandez have discovered that he could have possibly been dealing with some rare genetic changes that could have possibly been responsible for the onset of schizophrenia. For instance his head trauma or losing his father when he was just 16 years old and also watching his mother almost gets her life taken from her from the hands of his step father.

Axis II shows any personality disorder that could be shaping the current response to the Axis I problem in Aaron Hernandez. Axis II also specifies any developmental disorders, for instance learning disability or mental retardation, which may be disposing Aaron Hernandez to the Axis I problem. For instance, as mentioned in Axis I have the injury to his head and also the loss of his dad.

Axis III lists any medical or neurological problems that may be relevant to the individual’s current or past psychiatric problems; for example, someone with severe asthma may experience respiratory symptoms that are easily confused with a panic attack, or indeed, which may precipitate a panic attack.

Axis IV codes some of the major psychosocial stressors the individual may have been facing recently for instance, death of spouse, recent divorce, or possible job loss. It was clear that Aaron Hernandez was dealing with the death of his father and interviews have shown that even though it had been eight years later, he was still devastated by the whole event. What stresses Hernandez the most was the fact that his dead during a hernia operation.

Axis V codes the “level of function” and this is where the person has achieved at the time of assessment, and, in some cases, is utilized to specify the highest level of purpose in the past year. This is normally coded on a scale that goes from 0-100, with 100 being close to “perfect” operative (however none of us would actually even score that high!).

Conclusion

It is clear from the assessment that Aaron Hernandez could possibly suffer from some type of mental disorder. Due to his stressful and violent background, a fair diagnosis of schizophrenia or bipolar behavior could be possible. It is also obvious that injury to the head and the death of his father could have been triggers that caused him to kill.

References

Crockett, S.A. (2012). The journal of mental health counseling publication pattern review: A meta-study of author and article characteristics, 1994-2009. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 23(13), 34-45.

Duffey, T. & . (2012). The role of relational-cultural theory in mental health counseling. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 33(3), 223-242.

Selvarajah, C. (2006). Dimensions that relate to cross-cultural counselling: Perceptions of mental health professionals in auckland, new zealand. Cross Cultural Management, 23(11), 54-68.

Weinrach, S.G. (2011). A critical analysis of the multicultural counseling competencies: Implications for the practice of mental health counseling. Journal of Mental Health Counseling,, 24(1), 20-35.


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently
 

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects

Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.

Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!

Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.

Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.

Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.

Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.

Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!

Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.

Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper