As the name suggests, “Drunks” is a descriptive short story which gives a description of which drunks are. The author gives an extensive figurative description of what dunks are, how they behave and how they perceive the world around them. The author also gives optimistic suggestions on how drunks would have been if they had “stronger heads and better taste” (Herbert 130). This kind of suggestion seems to suggest that drunks rank lower in their significance or importance in the society than astronomers who, as the story claims, demands one to have a stronger head and better taste. In essence, therefore, the theme of the short story is based on the description of drunks from the author’s point of view. However, there are no clear characters in the story because the term “drunks” is a collective word that represents a specific group of people.
The story is written from a third person limited point of view. This is where the author describes or narrates the story from a distance. Further the author’s narration is limited to the author’s thoughts of whom drunks are. This is to mean that the description does not include the actual feelings, perspectives or experiences of the drunks but is based entirely on the perception and thoughts of the author. Whereas this provides for an extensive explication of the scenes, it is ordinarily limited to the biased perception of the narrator. As previously noted, the story is based on the description of its main character. Drugs, who are the main protagonists in the story, are described as “people who drink to the dregs in one draft” (Herbert 130). The description of the characters in this story is extensive. This is because each statement is aimed at expounding the previous one in the description or to give a different characteristic of the character. In fact, the final narrator offers a comparative description of the character with astronomers. This description is derogatory in the sense that it seems to argue that drunks lack stronger heads and better taste when compared to astronomers. The theme of the short story is purely descriptive and lacks a dialogue. It is a basic description of the character as understood by the narrator.
One of the ideas that the story challenges is the idea of the plot. Plot entails the twists and turns that the story takes in order to adequately and conveniently express the intended facts to the reader (Chapter 3 p65). Plots also emanate from conflicts as well as impediments which prompt the aforesaid twists and turns in the story. The story, however, lacks in all these characterizes or the plot. Other than developing a story based on a solid plot, the author dwells on a subjective description of drunks. In doing so, the author eliminates the basic elements of a plot as described in the chapter. This is because the story lacks the prerequisite twists and turns or the impediments which promote such twists and turns which characterize the plot. Further, the story is deprived of other characteristics such as exposition, rising action, crisis or climax, falling action and resolution which are also essential parts of the plot in a story. Based on these issues, it is apparent that the story challenges the idea of plot as described in chapter three. As indicated above, the story also lacks clear characters as it is only based on the description of drunks. Characters in a story should be presented in a clear and not an amorphous manner. This means that it should be possible for the reader to identify the character through their roles or description they are given. However, drunks as described in the story are a rather amorphous group that cannot be categorized as a character in the story. Additionally, there is no clear protagonist or antagonist in the story. Protagonist entails the main character in the story while the antagonist entails the character or characters who oppose the protagonist from different perspectives. Even if “drunks” were to be considered as characters, they would be found wanting by the description and characteristics of characters as described in chapter three. This is because it would not be possible to either rank them as either flat or round characters (chapter 3 p.68). Finally, the term is a collective one thus making it difficult for a single strong personality to be associated with it.
The author is often at liberty to decide the length of the story depending on the facts that they which to covey to their reader. In this case, “Drunks” is a short story because it is limited to only a single paragraph of four statements. The story is also based on premise and descriptive statements that the author uses to express a perspective of the character of drunks. This, therefore, has deprived the story of the opportunity to incorporate the other characteristics of a story which would have essentially prolonged the story. These include issues such as the actual character(s), plot and conflict. If the story had a plot, for instance, the twists and turns would have certainly led to a longer story than the one paragraph story that it is. The author’s decision to make the story a one paragraph is in order to effectively and precisely describes drunks and their characters. A one paragraph story is more effective and precise in giving such a description than a longer story. Further, the author might have decided to break the rules of short stories so as to make the story more intriguing.
A good story is one that not only provides the facts to the reader but is also interesting and intriguing. In this regard, it should incorporate an interesting theme, plot, story structure, characters, settings, tone and style. In this regard, Drunks is not a good story. This is because the one-paragraph story lacks these key elements that make a story good. The story lacks characters (protagonist and antagonist) that are vital in giving the story a feel of reality. The story also lacks a plot that the reader can follow through the twists and turns thus making it interesting. The story also lacks a concise setting that the reader can out rightly identify with. In a story, the setting is not only defined by the physical description of a place, but also the time which help the reader to contextualize and relate to the occurrences in their imagination (Winther et al. 26). This is essentially what makes the story interesting and familiar to the reader. However, the story, “drunks”, does not include such a setting in terms of time or place thus making it less interesting.
The story has made use of the third person point of view. This is where the story is developed through the narrator’s perspective. In the story, the narrator describes drunks as from his own perspective. The use of third person in the story is also limited to the narrator. This means that the feelings and experiences expressed in the story about drunks are only limited to the narrator. This can be subjective because the third person perspective used in the story kind of elevates the narrator on a pedestal where he observes and describes who drunks are. As such, they do not have the actual feeling or experience of being drunk. This would have been different if a first person was used because the description of drunks would have been made by one of them. In this regard, the choice of the third person could have led to the length of the story because of the limited experiences of the narrator when it comes to drunkenness. Perhaps this would have been different if the story was given by a drunk as they would have many experiences and feelings to convey in the story. In this sense, the choice could have hurt the story by depriving it of more content, as well as twists and turns.
The tone of the story is despising. This is because the narrator appears to look down upon drunks based on the choice of words and the expression of those words in the story. For example, the narrator claims that the drunks would be better off as astronomers if they had “stronger heads and better taste” (Herbert 130). This statement implies that drunks lack in the intellectual, moral and social standing.
(n.a.). “Chapter 3”: Exploration and Analysis. Pg. 61-68
Herbert, Zibignew. Prose Poems: Drunks. Pp 130-131
Winther, Per; Lothe, Jakob and Skei, Hans H. The Art of Brevity: Excursions in Short Fiction Theory and Analysis. USA: University of South Carolina Press, 2004. Print
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH GRADE VALLEY TODAY AND GET AN AMAZING DISCOUNT