International Standards Report

International Standards Report

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International Standards Report

Information technology has caused what can be likened to a revolution in virtually all major disciplines ranging from medicine, transportation, communication, politics, research and innovations amongst others. While it possesses such enormous influence, it also presents the most critical challenges as far as general security is concerned. The most unforgiving part of these challenges is that they replicate into sophistication at a much higher rate hence making it difficult to find ways of addressing them conclusively (Dailey, 2017). It is due to such realities that have forced countries into forming alliances or collaborations in their efforts towards mitigating these challenges.  These threats range from cyber-attacks on critical infrastructure, cybercrime, offensive operations intended to cause international provocation, electronic espionage, theft of critical data and many more. As earlier intimated, the dynamic nature of technology presents another challenge alongside the challenges encountered while attempting to find solutions to the problems that are already present with current technologies.

 On the other hand, solutions to these problems must not only be found and at the right time to avoid extended anxieties. We are aware that some of the cyber threats already present with us have the ability to precipitate massive social and economic damage. Therefore, the international efforts levelled towards providing solutions or defence against these challenges need to be intensified. 

 Efforts towards the consolidation of intelligence gathering are just one example of efforts being rallied towards addressing the problems. Capabilities of gathering intelligence from a wide geographical zone like the one covered by Eye Five alliance nations is one important advantage as it provides a good avenue to evaluate data while also reducing uncertainties. Intelligence best practices attempt to mitigate mirage ambiguities through the issuance of accurate estimations and support the successful implementation of policies. In order for modern intelligence efforts to be successful, intelligence communities need to leverage all possible opportunities they have to so that they be able to react to new threats, adapt and focus on relevant issues as quick and efficient as possible. All that being said, accessing the intelligence of another country and using them to neutralize the threats is definitely a step in the right direction. The international initiative of sharing intelligence between the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia and Canada being must apply certain measures aimed at guiding their terms of engagement. These measures are referred to as standards.

            Standards are widely regarded as specifications or rules that define a common measure for the delivery of results. Standards are often described using certain specific characteristics of their development and intended application or as agreed through conventions that produce the standard. Common principles that guide such processes include the manner in which the standard is to be regulated, to be applied to the intended audience, the availability of the standard to the public, as well as the measurability of the standard.

Performance Standards

            Internationally, there are a number of bodies that define and offer standards. Standards, to a large extent, demand a demonstration of conformance to a particular measure upon which results produced are treated against. For instance, standards in terms of performance define the requirement of results with a methodology of conformance verification. Bodies such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) are good examples of performance standards.

Prescriptive Standards

 There are those that are concerned with the design specification and requirements of products. They are referred to as prescriptive standards and are mainly concerned with processes followed to meet a certain design requirement. The ISO/IEC 7810 is some of the examples of prescriptive standards. The improvement and utilization of performance standards are empowered since they are more outlandish than prescriptive specifications to disrupt the general flow of innovation. In any case, prescriptive guidelines are once in a while increasingly proper, especially for depicting test strategies or methodology or for characterizing gauges to accomplish interoperability.

 One important issue that needs clarification is the difference that exists between standards and certain types of documentations referred to as guidelines—both the guidelines and standards issue guidance towards the much-needed improvements in cyber-security. However, while standards are developed out of robust engagement that later results in constructed consensus, development of guidelines have never involved such levels of formality and consensus-building.

            Standards like the FIPS Publications and ANSI Standards, are arguably popular since they involve the use of the term standards while naming them. Others present challenges to recognize because of the use of terms popular with other fields such as unions. For instance, the standards are developing and recommendation issuing body known as the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), which uses the term union, which is synonymous with workers representation and not standards development.   

References

Braun Binder, N., Krimmer, R., Wenda, G., & Fischer, D. H. (2019). International Standards and ICT Projects in Public Administration: Introducing Electronic Voting in Norway, Estonia and Switzerland Compared. Halduskultuur, 19(2), 8-22.

Dailey, J. (2017. June 6). The Intelligence Club: A Comparative Look at Five Eyes. Dailey, J Pol Sci Pub Aff 2017, 5:2 DOI: 10.4172/2332-0761.1000261

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