Nature of spirituality and ethics versus postmodern relativism

Nature of spirituality and ethics versus postmodern relativism

Spirituality is a phenomenon used in Christianity to awaken the true nature of individuals. Spiritual practice and ethical behavior surpass any particular religion and traditions. In Christianity, God is the supreme being possessing supernatural capabilities. Therefore, he is considered as the provider of life and the materials owned by humans. From the Christian perspective, God’s wisdom is vast and surpasses human beings’ apprehension.

In this case, the dignity and value of humans should be considered necessary in health care practices (Tabei et al., 2016). The main ethical guideline in Christianity is doing to others what one would like done back to them. More so, God created human beings in His image and likeness. In Christianity’s understanding, ethical behavior emanates from the realization that everyone has a connection to all of the earth’s life and existing individuals. The relationship is the holy trinity comprising of the father, the son, and the holy spirit.

In contrast, postmodern relativism comprises scientifically inventions that argue knowledge is developed and learned from cultures and traditions. The central claim is that truth doesn’t exist; instead, it relies on discovered facts. It relates to skepticism and subjectivism whereby ideology is highly recognized, stating that humans have no connectivity to the existence (Boyne and Rattansi, 2017). The argument claims that each individual has purpose primarily and does hold any superiority to other living things on earth. Therefore, there is a high disregard for the value of human existence in postmodernism.

As a result, healthcare practices violating human dignity, mostly in cases of elimination of the patient. Amidst, the roles of helping humans survive, relativism allows doctors to carry out activities such as murder (Choi, 2016). In defense, the actions are regarded right or wrong based on society and jurisdiction in the industry.



Scientism is the general concept that science is the supreme source of information regarding normative and epistemological values (Burnett, 2014). Scientist believes and enforces the idea of the inexistence of logical truth through scientism. All of the information that exists was investigated using efficacy methods of natural science that explores the natural phenomenon. In it, conscience scientism is a paradigm that involves its ideologies, practices, and techniques. Since it is a modern invention, it profoundly contradicts ancient traditions and believes in the supernatural provision of information.

The main argument against scientism is the disbelief concerning eternal life. Traditions and Christians believe in the existence of life after death based on a biblical anthology. Each has an ideological image of the living humans will live after they have died. Scientism dismantles all of the ideologies claiming that tit was knowledge passed on form an imaginative ancestor (Burnett, 2014). In support, they have not yet discovered any tangible evidence on life after death. Therefore, their argument remains intact that human reason is the first derivative of the eternal life idea.

Concerning eternal life, it is the ideology of a supernatural being known to as God in Christianity believe. Scientist believers are still amused by the claims of supernatural existence since they have never discovered or witnessed psychic nature (Gasparatou, 2017). It implies that scientists only base the beliefs on available facts only visible to the human eye. They use experimental methods to test various claims. However, they have never solved the underlying mystery supernatural believes. In as much as they remain rigid on their decisions, they still fascinate humans with movies and documentaries that demonstrate the presence of supernatural control to orchestrate various events. The mystery and argument remains, does God control every activity on earth?

What is the ultimate reality?

Life is a mystery that everyone seeks to understand, yet it is evident that it is real, and humans are existing. The process of life itself is fascinating, from birth to death. Where did life come from, and where do humans go after death? More so, who grants the freedom to live and utilize what we found on earth? In the awakening of reality, the concept of superior being arises. God is the ultimate being, the creator of the universe and the author of destiny. In Christianity, faith is as a fruit of the holy spirit. With faith, an individual can recognize God’s presence and obey His commands. In a matter of truth, those who follow God’s ways diligently can testify on the fulfillment of life needs and purpose. Therefore, it is awe-inspiring to learn that a supernatural power exists and positively controls the universe.

What is the nature of the universe?

The universe is a composition of the existence categorized in space, time, and all its contents. The world is vast and widespread as a result of the expansion of matter and energy over time. A lot of activities happen in the universe, apart from human operations, there is nature that occurs in cyclonical cycles (Meinzer and Cloney, 2018). The phenomenon is universe activities, and existence is relatively connected to the reality of God’s life. The events taking place on the universe respond to supernatural powers attributed to God. As much as scientists try to explain the origin of the world through big bang theory, they fail to explain the source of the significant bang forces. Therefore, it is the nature of the universe. It was designed by God to accommodate His central creation, humankind. He created a space for a human to live in and subdue. His intentions, as revealed in the holy bible, were to extend the kingdom of heaven.

What is a human being?

Human beings are species living on earth differentiating in the form of mental development, power, and articulate speech form all other living organisms on earth. More so, they have an upright posture that allows them to walk on two limbs and freely utilize their hands to carry activities. The concept of human beings is explained differently by various disciplines. Anthropology tries to conduct empirical investigations on the biological and historical of human beings. They claim that human beings evolved from apes in different phases. Christianity claims that human beings were created from the soil by the supreme being known as God.

Nevertheless, humans are inhabitants of the earth who are products of time and chance. The phase of life begins at birth and ends with death. During this period, they develop brains that can imagine and do creative activities. The human race is a cycle that has revolved around the earth for millions of years.

What is your knowledge?

Knowledge is a combination of ideas and information sourced from different faculties and stored temporarily in the human being’s brain. It is passed down to others in various forms, such as education, experiences, observations, and training. The information comprises of facts, descriptions, skills, and perception (Zagzebski, 2017). However, knowledge differs among various individuals based on exposure to information. Experience is unquantifiable; however, the understanding of a particular subject forms the school of theoretical and practical dispersion in the future. The level of knowledge can be tested by reasoning to an individual discussion and response on specific topics. Knowledege forms from birth, and continuous learning occurs throughout life.


What is your basis for ethics?

Ethics is a suitable preposition that predetermines the behavior of individuals. It comprises of wrong and right actions and activities (Robertson and Light, 2017). Human beings practice ethics based on the knowledge they have on the subject. However, ethics are not dictatorial, but convictions to guide individuals on how they act since freedom is free to everyone. Therefore, an individual disposes of certain characters that society expects. The character set determines if a person lives a good life, rights and responsibilities, and language order. Ethics, a term derived from Greek, concepts involves religions, philosophies, and cultures. In its nature, ethics can give many right answers based on the school of thought and knowledge. They are essential to maintain order in the universe. More so, help promote equality.

What is the purpose of your existence?

The purpose of life is to fulfill one’s destiny and subdue the earth. More so, it is the demonstration of love and glorification God. However, the concept on purpose differs among individuals based on the source of information and intuition. Christianity believes that the sole purpose of human beings exists to fulfill God’s desires and worship Him. On the other hand, philosophers claim there is no existence of God but acknowledge that the purpose of human beings is to make the earth a better place to live through domination (Campbell, 2018). Since human beings have high intelligence, they can exploit and explore. They work harmoniously every day to the preservation of the human race. During this pursuit, they reach their destiny by carrying out their mandates.

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