Colonialism to Globalization
Colonialism is a relationship of domination between indigenous, or forcibly imported majority, and a minority of foreign invaders, in which the fundamental decisions affecting the lives of the colonized people are made and implemented by the colonial rulers (Colonialism pp). Globalization is the intensification of economic, political, social and cultural relations across borders (Colonialism pp). Third World countries, often colonies, are economically underdeveloped countries of Asia, Africa, Oceania, and Latin America, that share common characteristics, such as poverty, high birthrates, and economic dependence on the advanced countries (Colonialism pp).
Sverker Finnstrom discusses the theory of colonialism by citing, “it is now widely accepted that colonial regimes and their successor states invented, promoted, and exploited tribal differences and traditions (Finnstrom pp). According to Finnstrom, the quotation stresses the imagined or invented aspects of group identity and the abstract and universal hegemony of colonialism and imperialism as determinant of local traditions and identity formations (Finnstrom pp). The idea of the bounded cultural entity can be related to the concept of status groups: “the authoritative claim of a nation and the assertion of a right to sovereignty being two central aspects in defining the group” (Finnstrom pp).
Globalization refers to the process of the intensification of economic, political, social and cultural relations across international boundaries and is particularly aimed at the transcendental homogenization of political and socio-economic theory worldwide (Akindele pp). Moreover, it is aimed at “making global being present worldwide at the world stage or global arena,” and deals with the “increasing breakdown of trade barriers and the increasing integration of World market” (Akindele pp). It can be viewed as an evolution that is restructuring interactive phases among countries by diminishing barriers in areas of culture, commerce, and communication (Akindele pp).
Before globalization, there was colonization, which is the extension of political and economic control over an area by a state whose nationals occupy the area and generally possess organizational and technological superiority over the indigenous population (Colonization pp). Colonization may consist in a migration of nationals to the territory, or it may be the formal control over the area by the military and/or civil agents of the dominant power (Colonization pp). Factors that cause colonization include overpopulation, economic distress, social unrest, and religious persecution, however imperialism, aggressive humanitarianism, and the basic desire for adventure are also causes (Colonization pp). Before colonization can be effected, “the indigenous population must be subdued and assimilated or converted to the culture of the colonists; otherwise, a modus vivendi must be established by the imposition of a treaty or an alliance” (Colonization pp).
The Phoenicians during the tenth century B.C., established trading posts throughout the Mediterranean and eventually exercised political dominion over the commercial colonies (Colonization pp). The Greeks established colonies in Asia Minor and Italy, while the Romans sought to assimilate the native culture of their colonies into their own, and the Venetians and Genoese established commercial colonies along trade routes (Colonization pp). Portuguese colonization began with the establishment of trading ports in Africa and the East, while the Spanish concentrated most of their efforts in the Americas (Colonization pp). The Spanish and the Portuguese exercised strict governmental control over their colonies and used them mainly as a basis for rich commerce with the parent government, thus discouraging the indigenous population from becoming economically self-sufficient (Colonization pp).
Beginning in the late sixteenth century, the English, Dutch, and French began to undertake colonization through chartered companies, the greatest of these private trading companies was the British East India Company, which played a key role in the history of the British Empire (Colonization pp). The French adhered to mercantilist theory in establishing their colonies, using them basically for the economic advantage, however the English colonists in North America were “virtually independent of the parent country, the most serious restriction being the establishment of a trade monopoly by the home government through the Navigation Acts” (Colonization pp). North America was more suitable for settlement than exploitation, thus the British colonists became permanent (Colonization pp). As a result of the American Revolution, Great Britain lost most of its North American colonies, however other acquisitions, especially India, soon made it the greatest colonial power in the world (Colonization pp).
Modern colonization was exploitative and in the long run proved to drain the treasury of the home government (Colonization pp). After World War II, there was increasing agitation and violence in the European colonial empires as subject peoples demanded their independence, and most colonies were granted or won independence from the imperial powers (Colonization pp). There are only a few remnants of the colonial empires today, mainly as self-governing dependencies, such as Aruba, Bermuda, and French Guiana (Colonization pp).
The War for Independence in the North American was a struggle for freedom by the colonists who were subjected to colonial domination, taxed without a vote in Parliament, and their effort at self-government were squelched by an imperious monarch (Lyons pp). The colonists resistance to an oppressive, unresponsive system led unavoidably to rebellion (Lyons pp).
The war with France and its Native American allies impressed on Great Britain the high cost of securing and especially of expanding colonial settlements (Lyons pp). The British government imposed new taxes on the colonists, and to minimize conflict with Native Americans and reduce its costs, the government sought to check the colonies’ westward expansion (Lyons pp). The Proclamation of 1763 prohibited colonial settlement beyond the crest of the Appalachians, and the Quebec Act of 1774 invalidated the colonies’ claims to vast Native American lands by assigning territory north of the Ohio to Quebec (Lyons pp).
These policies became significant sources of conflict between the colonists and England, and one of the aims of colonial partisans of independence was to eliminate the British government’s limits on expropriation of Native American lands (Lyons pp). This helps explain why Native Americans sided mainly with the British against the rebellious colonists, just as they had mainly sided earlier with the French against the British and their colonists (Lyons pp). Independence for the British colonies in North America was inevitable, however the colonists were not native peoples, as many colonists who gained independence from imperial nations (Lyons pp).
Perhaps no other document in history has inspired freedom and independence as much as the Declaration of Independence (Basic pp). It actually represents the root of democracy, and illuminates the development of democratic ideas and institutions (Basic pp). The Declaration of Independence is more than simply an announcement that the English colonies declared themselves free of allegiance to Great Britain and to King George III (Basic pp).
Within this document is the very essence of freedom, of self-government, of mutual respect and responsibility among citizens and between citizens and their government in the effort to secure order and liberty (Basic pp).
There is no doubt that the American Revolution inspired many foreign colonies to strike for their own independence from imperial nations and attempt to create their own forms of government. Colonization is, for the most part, non-existent, but many believe it still exists in the form of globalization.
Akindele, S.T.; Gidado, T.O.; Olaopo, O.R. Globalization, Its Implications and Consequences for Africa. Department of Political Science, Obafemi Awolowo University. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from:
Basic Readings in U.S. Democracy. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from:
Colonialism to Globalization: Definitions. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from:
Colonization. The Columbia Encyclopedia. 2005. Retrieved October 19, 2005
from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Finnstrom, Sverker. Postcoloniality and the Postcolony: Theories of the Global
and the Local. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from:
Lyons, David. The balance of injustice and the War of Independence. Monthly Review. April 01, 1994. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
1. Place an order
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!