Roles and Expectations Placed on Modern Universities
Currently, education is viewed as the stepping stone to the success of the economy, technology, social and individual prosperity. Changes taking place globally have also affected the education sector. People have to adapt to these changes and find a way to fit in. The responsibility to equip them with skills and innovativeness is placed on universities. In other words, modern universities are expected to find a solution to problems facing society and also find ways to improve the existing situation. However, these changes are not experienced uniformly around the world. Different regions have different needs economically and problems as well. Thus, the universities have to specialize their teaching and research to serve specific purposes in the area. Also, people have started viewing university education as a resource and a necessity for a better life for an individual. This paper covers some of the roles and expectations the society has placed on modern universities in different areas globally.
Traditionally, universities were viewed as places of research and learning. And this was perceived to be so for years—researchers and other academia’s focused on the pursuit of knowledge. But the university community was excluded from other responsibilities in society. However, in recent years, research indicates that university contributes a lot to the economy apart from through research and learning. Universities have provided direct employment to millions of people as staff, and lecturers in the institutions. Education is the foundation of the economy worldwide. Universities help people unlock people’s talents, provide a solution to problems within the community and also equip potential employees with skills and innovativeness making them very variable in the society. Comparing universities in the past and now, their roles and expectations have changed. This act has been different for different regions.
Applying skills acquired in society.
Universities are expected to contribute to the growth of the knowledge economy. The society expects universities to equip students with skills and innovativeness to make them ready to increase productivity, solve problems, and help organizations to make wealth. In the United Kingdom, the students are expected to be full of untapped potential that can help the country, especially in the competitive economy. Their skills are expected to serve the country and the economy by transferring them to business and beyond. Study shows that in the recent past, the government is seen to have generated over 40 billion dollars through universities. There is, therefore, the common belief all over the world that universities enhance quality.
Serving the region through problem-solving
Another role and expectation placed on modern universities is problem navigation, and transforming the region through offering consultancy advice, innovation and efficiency. Universities are expected to carry out research and equip their students with skills that can help solve problems existing in the area. In the Middle East, countries expect university students to be equipped with skills which will better the economy, enhance peace and prosperity as a way of contributing to the economy. In Asia, the main expectation of universities is enhancing growth, technology improvement, and acquire problem-solving skills. In America, society expects universities to not only contribute to economic growth but also improve one’s life.
Creation of Employment
Apart from the above direct expectations and roles placed on the universities, the institution is expected to bring growth and create opportunities in the area. The area surrounding the institution grows with the institution. Apart from creating staff employment and lecturers, there is the provision of other amenities such as housing, social amenities, and others. As a result, the university makes work and improves the lives of the locals in the area. Thus universities are not only looked at as impacting the economy but also social development in the area. In most places around universities, towns in the surrounding have grown and developed as a way of availing goods and services to these institutions.
Expectations placed on universities in the past has changed. In modern times the society has higher expectations of universities such as social growth, contributing to the economy, and applying skills acquired to transforming the society. In the past, universities were expected to carry out researchers and educate students for purposes of knowledge. However, this has changed with time and economic revolution. Universities are also expected to help people realize their potential, and gain skills which will make their lives better. However, the expectations differ from one region to another. Every geographical area has different issues facing them and thus causing a difference in regional expectations.
Kabashkin, Igor. “Download Citation of University 4.0: Reality and Expectations.” ResearchGate. Last modified 2018. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324115132_University_40_Reality_and_Expectations/citation/download.
Leite, Sonia, and Paulo Oliveira. “PERCEPTION OF ACCOUNTING ORGANIZATIONS NEEDS AND THE ROLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS.” EDULEARN20 Proceedings, 2020. doi:10.21125/edulearn.2020.0054.
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 Igor Kabashkin, “Download Citation of University 4.0: Reality and Expectations,” ResearchGate, last modified 2018, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324115132_University_40_Reality_and_Expectations/citation/download.
 Kabashkin, ” University 4.0: Reality and Expectations,” ResearchGate.
 Sonia Leite and Paulo Oliveira, “PERCEPTION OF ACCOUNTING ORGANIZATIONS NEEDS AND THE ROLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS,” EDULEARN20 Proceedings, 2020, doi:10.21125/edulearn.2020.0054.
 Leite and Paulo Oliveira, “PERCEPTION AND THE ROLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS,”
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