THE COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY

Introduction

Cognitive-behavioral therapy can be described as a psycho-social intervention that focuses on improving a person’s mental health. Mental sanity is important for any individual to live a happy life. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, therefore, plays a great role to help solve some of these mental health problems arising. Besides, it helps solve some of the cognitive distortions, such as thoughts and attitudes. It also helps change some of the behaviors and helps one develop personal coping strategies, for easy association with people. Although it was initially designed to help depressed patients, its use has grown to cover the treatment of many illnesses that include mental health conditions and anxiety.

CBT mainly involves the intertwining of fundamental principles from both cognitive and behavioral. The historical approach to psychotherapy is entirely different from CBT, where a diagnose was formulated from unconscious behaviors. Instead, CBT is used to treat specific problems as it is problem-oriented. In this case, the therapist’s works involve helping the client to find the practical strategies that would help reduce the disorder. Therefore CBT is based on the belief teaching new coping mechanisms can relieve cure symptoms and reduce distress among those affected.

2.0 Literature review

The literature review contains ideas related to the topic of study that other researchers have carried research on. It seeks to give one a glimpse of the concept under study. While also giving the main backbone of the topic under study. Several issues are discussed in this literature review, as indicated below.

2.1 History of the treatment

The CBT treatment began as early as the 20th century when behavioral therapy was developed. Later in the 1960s, cognitive therapy was created and then later merged to form cognitive behavioral therapy. Behaviorism had begun losing popularity due to the new wave of the Cognitive Revolution that had succeeded in treating depression (Guercio, 2020). Also, cognitive therapy had faced constant comparison to behavioral treatment. Therefore there was a need to find a baseline as the two systems incorporated behavioral elements as well as the interventions. Later in the 1980s, the two systems were merged to form cognitive behavioral therapy. It went ahead to incorporate both the features of behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy. That is cognitive behavioral therapy could be used to address depression, but has since grown to treat other issues such as mental illness and anxiety.

2.2 Prominent Researchers

CBT is a treatment approach that has been developed over the years, with different researchers leaving a mark in the field. Some of the researchers are discussed as follows. We have the Stoic philosophers, e.g., Epictetus, who believed that false beliefs could be identified using logic. Further, we also had Aaron T. Beck and Albert Ellis, who both withdraw some of their reasoning towards CBT from the Stoic philosopher’s principles. The other critical philosopher that had an impact on the CBT was John Stuart Mill. He asserts that mental phenomena guide certain mental phenomena with physiology either empirically or parallel manner. Other people that also impacted the CBT were David M. Clerk and David H. Barlow, who developed treatments for panic disorder that helped develop the cognitive behavioral therapy treatment.

2.3 Features of the treatment

CBT’s treatment behavior occurs in different phases that are recognized and aimed at giving the client relief. The first phase is assessing the psychological needs of the clients. At this stage, the therapist can understand their client’s needs before proceeding to other treatments offered. The second phase involves reconceptualization (Lieneman et al., 2019). The third step follows the stage for acquiring the skills. Then fourth sage comes as the stage for consolidating skills and applying them in training. The fifth stage comes as the generalization and maintenance, and lastly, the sixth stage as the post-treatment can involve follow up assessment, which helps to know how the client has responded to the treatment.

2.4 Evidence for the effectiveness of the treatment

The CBT treatment effectiveness can be described to have succeeded in many ways due to the possibility of treating some of the disorders mentioned as follows. It has succeeded in treating eating disorders; it is even more effective than giving medications and other treatment forms.

Also, it has been able to treat internet addiction, as well as help, prevent occupational stress (Hollon et al., 2020). The treatment has been successful in treating clinical depression and treating adults with anxiety disorders. Nevertheless, it has also succeeded in treating other conditions: Bipolar disorder, psychosis, smoking cessation, and autism. Therefore, it can be concluded that CBT treatment can solve several issues that led to its design.

3.0 Discussion

The CBT treatment can be said to have succeeded in many ways, including helping cure some of the disorders that even medication could not help solve quickly, as the eating disorder. Therefore, the CBT’s strength can be seen to be more superior to other treatments in terms of the primary outcomes. Although for the secondary outcomes there is no significant difference with the other treatments. However, CBT also has the weakness that is weighing it down. The CBT does not take the initiative to monitor the patient regarding the possibility of harm occurring to the patient while undergoing CBT treatment. Also, at times, outpatients of CBT report having side effects or unwanted events such as distress.

The data from the researchers fully supports the treatment giving evidence where necessary. It can be concluded that the researcher’s conclusion on the treatment of the disease was well-founded as it has succeeded in addressing the disorders it has tackled. The CBT has succeeded in addressing the conditions that may have, at times, proved to be challenging to treat with the other treatment techniques. The researchers have established the importance of incorporating CBT as a form of treatment as it has succeeded in many ways in addressing disorders. Thus the incorporation of cognitive behavioral therapy as a form of treatment is worthwhile.

4.0 Conclusion

CBT as a form of treatment is essential in addressing various disorders that include; depression, bipolar disorder, etc. Therefore, it is crucial to incorporate it as a form of treatment as it has proven it is more efficient and effective in treatment. It is a form of treatment that has evolved over the years with different researchers leaving a mark and dating way back to the 20th century. The treatment is done in five different phases that eventually bring positive results that are proven. Where other treatment options have proved not to work, CBT has salvaged the situation by offering effective treatment options.


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