The first four locations hooked up to ARPANET

Question Two
The term packet is described as a small amount of data sent over a network like LAN or through the internet. It can also be defined as a small amount of data that is sent over a transmission control protocol network.
Question Three
Internet comes first before .
Question Four
Web 2.0 is described as a website and an application that uses generated content for the end-users. Web 2.0 is categorized by a more significant user interactively and collaboration, leading to a more excellent pervasive network that is connected and leads to effective communication channels. The social media websites like Twitter, Facebook, and WordPress enable individuals to find out and promote better communication with each other.
Khan, A. M., Loan, F. A., & Andrabi, S. A. A. (2022). Web 2.0 Applications in Open Access Institutional Repositories of Asia. DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, 42(3).
Question Five
The killer application for the internet is described as a jargon in a computer industry that has an application program that intentionally or unintentionally enables one to decide to purchase the system and the application to be applied to promote an effective operation.
Question Six
VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) is described as a technology which enables one to make a voice using a broadband internet connection other than using a regular phone line. It can also be described as a technology that converts one’s voice to a digital signal, thus allowing one to make a call directly using a computer or other data-driven devices.
Adhilaksono, B., & Setiawan, B. (2022). A study of Voice-over-Internet Protocol quality metrics. , 197, 377-384.
Question Seven
LAN is a computer network that interconnects computers in a limited area like a residence, learning institution, laboratory, or office building offices. It can also be described as a group of computers and peripherals devices that share a standard communications line to a server in a distinct geographical area.
Question Eight
8. What is the difference between an intranet and an extranet?
The difference between Intranet and extranet is that intranet is described as a network where employees have the potential to create content, communicate, collaborate as well as developing of the organisation’s culture. On the hand, an extranet is a network where employees have the potential to provide controlled access to authorised customers, vendors and outsiders partners of the organisation.
Razis, G., & Mitropoulos, S. (2022). An interoperability case is an integrated approach for the banking intranet/extranet information systems. International Journal of Business and Systems Research, 16(3), 330-357.
Question Nine
Metcalfe’s law is described as a concept used in computer networks and telecommunications to present the value of the network. This law states that the network creates an impact on the square of the number of nodes in the network.
Exercise 1-3
Question One
The three differences between the Internet and World Wide Web are as follows:
World web is pages that one sees when you are on a device and online. On the other hand, the internet is described as a network that is connected to the computer what the web works on
The World Wide Web entails things that one sees on the roads, such as houses and shops, while the Internet is the road which connects towns with the cities.
Worldwide is a common point of connectivity used for sharing of data which the global network of the computers has facilitated.
Mitchell, W. J. (2021). Wunderkammer to World Wide Web: picturing place in the . In Picturing Place (pp. 283-304). Routledge.
Reynolds, E., Treahy, D., Chao, C. C., & Barab, S. (2021). The Internet learning forum: Developing a community prototype for teachers of the 21st century. In The Web in Higher Education: Assessing the Impact and Fulfilling the Potential (pp. 107-125). CRC Press.
Question Three
The three countries I will be visiting in the next month are as follows:
China (for one week and two days)
Italy (For one week and four days)
Indian (For one week and one day)
After doing several investigations and asking my consultant, I have realized that my phone will be able to communicate when I am away from my usual nation. However, av been prepared that I might experience some communication difficulties once in a while. Thus being encouraged to ensure that I have all it takes to sustain me while I am away and confirm that I have someone to direct me on what I am supposed to do while I am away. The minimum amount I will use in the three nations is $ 5000, while the maximum I will use will be approximately $ 1000. However, I have been advised to always walk with my ATM card in case I want to do some transaction. It will be easier for me. Other than regular communication, I have been advised that I can connect my phone to the available and communicate with my loved ones using the social media channels such as Facebook.

A line manager is described as a direct manager of employees and operations taking place in an organization. A social network is described as a website which enables individuals with similar interests to come together and share data, photos and videos. Finally, Information Technology is defined as the use of a computer, store, network, and other physical devices and processes in creating, processing, and exchanging all kinds of electrical data.
The various roles of the organization are as follows:
Planning. The term planning is an organization is described as an act of thinking concerning the activities used to enable the organisation to successfully attain its goals. Planning is considered helpful as it provides essential data concerning the top management needs, which makes it effective in the decisions made in allocating the resources, thus ensuring that organisations can reach their goals and objectives effectively.
Managing. The act of control is described as the coordinating of duties to attain a particular goal. Management is considered helpful as it helps create an effective way of achieving the goals and the needs of the organisation. This takes place successfully by arranging the factors f production as well as organizing how resources will be used and integrating the resources to ensure that there is an effective means of attaining the goals and the objectives of the organisation.
Making the decision. The act of making a decision is considered to be good as it enables managers and the organisation’s staff to be able to maintain a competitive position, align on internal operations as well as being able to survive threats and the difficulties which arise to ensure that the firm can progress and move from one level of the operation to another level.
Monitoring. The act of monitoring in an organisation is considered helpful as it helps identify the most valuable together with efficient use of resources. Monitoring an organisation is deemed to be helpful as it helps in developing objectives, thus coming up with an effective conclusion.
The similarities in the above-named roles of the organisation are that they all aim to enable organisations to move from one level of the operation to another level. This enables organisation managers to work as a team as a way of embracing everyone in an organisation to perfect and promote all levels of operation in an organization.
The terms technology and innovation management are described as recognising technological trends using new technology for a practical innovation of the product. Effective communication between coworkers has resulted from effectively utilizing advanced technology. We are in an era where using technology has seen work so much that employees are not required to meet for effective communication to take place, but in their respective areas of work, they can successfully handle a meeting and ensure that everything is conducted effectively. An ineffective technology and motivation of management have been a result of embracing the use of the technology and being able to adapt to the new changes, which has, as a result, enabled the organisation to move from one level of the operation to another level.
Barros, V. F., & Ramos, I. (2022). Organizational mindfulness to innovation at an organization in the cork sector. Information Technology & People.
Ahn, M. J., & Chen, Y. C. (2022). The digital transformation toward : The perception of government employees and the willingness to use AI in government. Government Information Quarterly, 39(2), 101664.


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