The five components of a Journal Critic

Journal Critic

A journal can be criticized based on five components. The five components include the title of the journal, the purpose of the journal, the discussion of the literature used, a sample size of the population, research tool, and research design used. The study will use the article “Critical Success Factor In Software projects,” by John S. Reel.

Software Development

The issue of software development has been taken by a good number of companies in the world. The history of the software development industry has undergone more thanseven generations.  The first three generations involve paradigms development, while the other four involves language programming. Many types of research have been done to establish the reasons for the failure of many software developments. The authors also state that many organizations have not improved their software in efforts to make them attractive. The journal by John titled “Critical Success Factor In Software Projects,” is one of the that introduces the success of software development. All the audiences of the journal beliefs that the journal produces major significantly in establishing the success depicted by software developers.John’s article experiences challenges related to connectivity of the title and objectives,sample size, presentation of literature review, and choice of research tool, result generation unlikeGray and Larson (2001 work.

Connectivity of the title and the objectives

Even though the study discusses an essential subject in the history of software development, there is no functional connectivity between the title and the objective. The title of the article “Critical Success Factor In Software Projects,”does not connect well with the objective of the study. The journal is expected to explain all the success that the seven generations have undergone to the current day. However, the journal also introduces the challenges that the software development process has faced. Notably, the journal establishes that the software development process has undergone about 50 percent severe trials. Though, the critical success factor is well depicted in the subtitle managing complexity, the journal majors on the failures experienced by software developers.

The journal sets realistic expectations and objectives for everyone working in an organization to ensure development. John states that the first goal is ensuring that users, developers, management, and designers are on the same track of coming up with new software. Despite the objectivity by the author to have collaborative time, the journal concentrates on the role of software development and top management.

Literature Review of the Journal

The researchers use some of the very old sources of data. Though the literature work attempts to introduce the mechanisms for improvement of higher education, the old data may not truly reflect what is currently happening in the software sector. Notably, changes in global technology change by the day, thereby rendering any old information inappropriate. Additionally, the authors did not provide vital information about the seven generational growths that research adopted. Unlike “Project Management: The Managerial Process,”whichestablishes the growth of software. Lastly, the article would be beneficial for software developersas it would act as a source of ready information for tracking the development of software. Furthermore, the information could be useful to business people in the determination of the software to use. John lays down good literature on the advantages of developing new software in any organization. However, the research John 1999 lacks detailed information that can be used by other institutions to develop and test new software. Therefore, the research findings cannot be replicated to another area as a means of replicating the program.

Sample Size of the Study

The sample size of the research is not given by Reel (1999). Lack of sample makes the results not to be adequate in representing the total pollution. The book by Gray and Larson (2001) shows its samples, unlike Reels (1999) work. In addition, the lack of sample size may mean that the information provided is biased or skewed towards one side. According to Dwivedi, Mallawaarachchi & Alvarado (2017), lack or introduction of small samples can also be manipulated by the researcher. Therefore, the reliability of the study finding of the article is re in doubt. Additionally, the absence of sample size reduced the validity of the data given by Reel (1999), the two researchers.

Generalization of Data

The lack of sample size and population in the research makes it hard for the generalization of the information provided. The study also lacks the limitations that can guide the application of the results obtained byReel (199). The journal ought to have given the challenges that its software development would pose to institutions with extensive production techniques, given that there was no sample size. The work of Gray and Larson (2001) can be replicable in other areas.In order to make a generalization, the researcher should be in a position to compare early and late results. The process gives research a gap to fill to society. Even though the researchers state that the software has undergone critical success in the past they do not evidently show what is expected in the future after the introduction of the best software.

Choose of Research Tool

The journal does not establish the research tool to be used. Journals should either establish the tool used to gather data that ensures equal distribution of research participants. According to Watson (2016), the application of a qualitative research approach was useful to Furthermore, the application of the quantitative research approach could be effective in ensuring that the researchers were independent in determining software’s success among the organization. The success factor in software project forms the phenomena been studied. The use of experimental research alone could be limited in the provision of meaningful findings for a study. Furthermore, the use of qualitative technique alone can limit the researcher to overlooking at a given section of the variable.

References

Budnick, C., Kowal, M., & Santuzzi, A. (2014). Social anxiety and the ironic effects of positive interviewer feedback. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping28(1), 71-87. doi: 10.1080/10615806.2014.919386

Dwivedi, A., Mallawaarachchi, I., & Alvarado, L. (2017). Analysis of small sample size studies using nonparametric bootstrap test with pooled resampling method. Statistics In Medicine. doi: 10.1002/sim.7263

Gray, C. F., & Larson, E. W. (2001). Project Management: The Managerial Process

Reel, J. (1999). Critical success factors in software projects. IEEE Software16(3), 18-23. doi:10.1109/52.765782

Watson, C. (2016). Book Review: Jonathan Skinner (ed.), The Interview: An Ethnographic Approach. Qualitative Research16(3), 341-342. doi: 10.1177/1468794114560859

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