Nutrition Policy

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What we are supposed to Eat

The reason for legislation such as the farm bill is that healthy eating for the whole population starts on the farm. Production of nutritious food means a healthy community. Healthy foods that are less likely to make one obese or suffer from depression, strokes, or any other health-related illnesses include vegetables, fruits, whole grains, healthy fats, fish, poultry, beans, eggs, moderate proportions of dairy products, and limited intake of red meat. This aspect is popularly referred to as the Mediterranean-style diet. For the body’s effective functioning, we need a balance of carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, minerals, protein, and fat. Therefore, we can choose the most nutritious options from the categories mentioned above. Also, the focus on healthy eating should be to avoid packaged and processed. People who eat more unhealthy foods- processed and fast foods- are at the risk of early-life stroke. Generally, eating unhealthy foods predisposes us to health-related illnesses such as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, among others.

Impact of free-market demand on;


No government control in an economic market results in surplus production amongst growers, causing massive losses on produce (IBP, Inc, 2012). Free-market demand allows many growers to enter the business of producing food for consumers. The many growers will have more food than what the market requires. With the freedom of making individual informed decisions, the many growers will each set the preferred prices for their products above the required limits. This aspect will cause insufficient demand to move growers supply at the set prices. Farmers will be willing to enter the market and produce more food to maximize profits out of the sale. As a result, many growers will experience stock accumulation caused by the set prices above market recommendations. Therefore, free-market demand impacts growers by causing surplus production and stock accumulation, thus lowering growers’ profits from producing the produce (IBP, Inc, 2012).

Marketing and distribution

The free-market demand allows for the creation of proper marketing and distribution channels of food products to consumers. The absence of red tape in a free-market order enables food producers to engage in extensive market research to determine consumers’ behaviors (Boone & Kurtz, 2005). An extensive market research is critical for the producer towards understanding consumer desired quality and preference in a product. Such knowledge helps a producer to identify his or herself with the consumers, thus offering a firm a competitive advantage. Free market reduces the business’ administrative cost, offering money critical for marketing activities engagement. Effective marketing strategy allows the firm to reach a broader market segment on a particular product’s knowledge. This aspect aids the distribution of goods and services due to the market creation through which the producers can utilize to move their products and services. Therefore, free-market demand creates marketing strategies critical for the effective distribution of goods and services to consumers (Boone & Kurtz, 2005).


As illustrated by Weinstein (2012), free-market demand allows consumers to acquire quality food containing adequate quantities of nutritional values at fair prices. It contributes to the transparency of the qualities of food commodities supplied in the market. Free-market demand also ensures the attainment of competitive markets since consumers have the opportunity of buying the right quality products at their desired prices. This aspect will make suppliers improve their product’s quality to attract customers into buying their produce for need satisfaction. The many suppliers in the market will offer product differentiation by providing the right quality products at reasonable and affordable prices. The market structure allows consumers’ voices to be heard as their decisions help determine what services or products are on demand. Demand and supply create competition critical for ensuring that consumers are supplied with the best quality services or goods at reduced prices. Therefore, free-market demand provides consumers with quality food containing good nutritional values at fair prices critical for maintaining a healthy lifestyle (Weinstein, 2012).

Specific examples of policy proposals to impact change on food we eat

As outlined by “Hungerandhealth” (2013), being a developed country, it is widely known and believed that resources are plentiful in the United States. While this may be true, there are many people with limited access to adequate and quality food. Nearly 1 out of 8 people in the United States live in homes with limited access to food because of the lack of money and other resources that can be used to access food. A household being unable to get access to quality food results from unemployment and poverty. This issue of lack of access to adequate nutrition can be dealt with in three policy proposals that change what we are supposed to eat;

Firstly, coming up with federal protective programs will ensure that consumers buy quality food products in the market. Federal protective policy programs will act as a barrier in the market against low quality and non-nutritious food entry. The policy will serve as a shield against the risk of the unhealthy lifestyle that the consumers might get exposed to due to low quality food products such as diabetes and obesity. These policy proposals will help consumers acquire food products with the right nutritional value and quality to support a healthy lifestyle. With the free-market demand economic system for consumer products, farmers and producers are likely to engage in profit maximization without emphasizing the product quality and nutritional value. Food products with low quality and nutritional content will be denied entry into the market with such policies. This aspect will also ensure that consumers acquire the right quality of food products at reasonable prices, hence protecting against the suppliers’ exploitation. Therefore, a federal protective policy proposal is critical since it will ensure consumers acquire an excellent quality of food with affordable prices in the market that support a healthy lifestyle.

Secondly, proposing federal policies that strive to serve the people who are in high-need, like single parents and communities of color, will help improve access to quality food with high nutritional value to support healthy living. Such organizations experience difficulties in keeping quality and nutritious diets in their homestead. Enhancing access through federal policies that provide affordable and subsidized quality food products will enable families to acquire quality food produce critical for healthy living. By implementing such procedures, families with relatively low economic status will have the privilege of meeting the nourishment required for a healthy population. The system will reduce the hustle that such families often experience, causing deaths and illnesses related to the low quality of food intake. Therefore, proposing federal policies that strive to serve the people who are in high-need, like single parents and communities of color, will lower the burden that these families experience in affording quality foods for maintaining healthier lives.

Lastly, proposing federal policies that help connect people with opportunities that will help them build household stability is a critical factor that impacts change in food people eat. A national system that supports the growth of industries, such as providing incentives for new company establishment, will assist in attracting potential investors. When these investors establish their ambitions, they will require labor input from the population. This aspect will attract people with relatively low income and unemployed to try their opportunities of improving their living conditions, including diets. Wages paid for labor supply goes a long way to enable the families to afford proper and nutritional diets on their tables, hence promoting their health outcomes. Therefore, proposing federal policies that help connect people with opportunities is a critical factor that impacts food people’s change by enabling poor and low-income families to afford quality food products.

How current policy influence


As outlined by Shi and Johnson (2020), the current U.S food policies influence the production process by ensuring that there is a sufficient supply of enough and appropriate quantities of food with the best quality for consumers. The U.S federal food policies help streamline the process of food production in a way that will promote quality products necessary to enable the quality of consumer’s health. For instance, the FDA has a crucial reviewing role for chemical compounds and other drugs used in animal food production, such as antibiotics. The FDA policies have permissively allowed producers to use low antibiotic doses routinely in animal’s water and feed. This practice will enable antibiotic-resistant bacteria development, which consumers can contact via meat contamination and the environment. Therefore, the U.S food policies influence the production process by ensuring quality standards important for promoting consumers’ health are achieved (Shi & Johnson, 2020).


According to Jutzi (2004), current food policies influence food processing by formulating regulations that help keep food contaminants out of the supply chain, guaranteeing customers’ safety. The supply chain of food is prone to contamination by viruses, bacteria, toxins, and parasites, from plantation to plate. Government agencies have the role of formulating policies that keep such food contaminants out of the supply chain. For instance, agencies like the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) work to reduce foodborne contamination risks by inspecting facilities for processing contamination signs. These agencies also require processors, producers, restaurants, and other food businesses to observe safety protocols for handling food. The food safety inspection agencies also check for visible contamination signs of food, such as poultry carcasses fecal residue. In some cases, the agencies may collect samples for further examination and check for missed invisible contaminants during visual inspection. Therefore, federal agencies’ food policies influence food processing by formulating regulations that help keep food contaminants out of the supply chain(Jutzi, 2004).


The U.S food policies provide an efficient way to distribute quality food products from producers to consumers (USDA, 2020). For instance, through the Child and Adult Care Food Program and National School Lunch Program, the U.S Department of Agriculture (USDA) buys food products from farmers and producers to promote a healthy population. This aspect assists American farmers and producers to distribute food to consumers in an efficient manner. Purchasing nutritious food products helps to disperse quality food products for the population. Therefore, the U.S food policies efficiently distribute quality food products from producers to consumers (USDA, 2020).


As outlined by Edelstein (2017), current food policies help individuals obtain food through their markets, production, or other sources. Roughly one in every seven households in the U.S experience food insecurity at various times of the year. This aspect implies that individuals go hungry due to a lack of adequate money to purchase food, depend on food banks, or worry about running out of food. The current policies in place are significant in enhancing food security and changing diet, particularly for consumers with low-income. Federal nutrition and food assistance programs, such as Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and SNAP, help families with low income provide food on their tables. The U.S Farm Bill budgeting shapes the funding for SNAP (Edelstein, 2017).


As illustrated by “U.S Govt” (2010), food policies promote nutritious and quality foods for low-income families. For instance, the Food Aid Program offers concessional programs and direct donations of U.S. farm commodities to feed millions of individuals in impoverished countries. The U.S food policy of the Food Distribution Disaster Assistance Program also provides disaster relief organizations like the Salvation Army and the Red Cross with nutritious and quality food commodities for household distribution or mass feeding. These aspects allow the disadvantaged and low-income families to consume quality foods for healthy living. Therefore, the U.S food policies promote healthy and quality nutrition to low income and needy families for healthy living (U.S Govt, 2010).

Waste Recovery

Current food policies influence waste recovery by formulating ecologically friendly regulations that help keep pollutants out of the environment, guaranteeing safety and prosperity (Christian-Smith & Gleick, 2012). Agriculture has always affected land, water, climate, and air. U.S. farm policies play significant roles in assisting reduce pollution, conserve resources, and enhance farming. Environmental friendly practices are critical to prevent the suffering of the environment as much as quality food production is necessary. For instance, the U.S. Farm Bill offers farmers incentives to reduce soil runoff and erosion, shift to renewable sources of energy, conserve freshwater, and preserve wetlands (Christian-Smith & Gleick, 2012).








“Food Security Policies”: Making The Ecosystem Connections. IUCN, 2013,

Hungerandhealth.Feedingamerica.Org, 2018,

“The Farm Bill”. Union Of Concerned Scientists, 2018,

“The Farm Bill | National Institute Of Food And Agriculture”. Nifa.Usda.Gov, 2018,

“Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)”. U.S. Food And Drug Administration, 2020,


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