Both the pro-life and anti-abortion movements are motivated by one concept: that human personhood begins at conception. To these groups an embryo and a fetus are all human persons who should be granted the same rights, privileges and protections as a child or adult (Violence & harassment at U.S. abortion clinics). Operation Rescue is an anti-abortion organization that states that it is dedicated to the protection of children in the womb and their mothers who are exploited by abortion. The group declares that “We work in every way we can to manifest the truth of God concerning abortion” (Operation Rescue Colorado).
Unfortunately, “every way we can” includes violence, murder and the misuse of religion to inspire what any moral individual could only interpret as unholy acts.
The god-father of Operation Rescue is Joseph Scheidler, director of the Pro-Life Action League which he has called the “Green Berets of the Pro-Life Movement” (The battle to defend abortion clinics: organizing against Operation Rescue).
Scheidler has had a long history of associating with convicted clinic bombers and has written a book called Closed: 99 ways to stop abortion which describes how to harass and intimidate abortion providers and clinic patients. Scheidler was present at Operation Rescue blockades in New York City, directing and condoning operations. The formal leader of Operation Rescue is Randall Terry who organizes it out of his Project Life headquarters in Binghamton, New York. Most Operation Rescue participants are male, and virtually all are white.
Many women’s groups feel that Operation Rescue and other anti-abortion groups have a broader agenda than abortion alone. Some feminists state that “The submission of women is at the core of all these attacks on women’s rights and is a backlash to the changed role of women in every facet of our society” (Promise Keepers holds no promise for women). Yet others theorize that Operation Rescue is part of a vast right-wing conspiracy. They see Operation Rescue as providing a door which lures people into conservative politics. Once in, a broader conservative agenda is promoted. In 1999, Operation Rescue changes its name to Operation Save America and announced that it would no longer just focus on abortion (Operation Rescue changes name, widens focus). The group said Operation Save America will work to combat pornography, teen sex, homosexuality and the removal of God from schools, all common causes of the Religious Right. According to Operation Save America spokesperson, “We do want to save this country, not just the unborn. We want to show our love for this country and our desire to return to the moral grounds this country was founded on” (Operation Rescue changes name, widens focus).
Today, the Religious Right wields extraordinary political power. The Religious Right is beginning to dominate the Republican Party, and the Republican Party has won majorities in both Houses of the U.S. Congress (The rise of the Religious Right in the Republican party). Thus, the influence of the Religious Right has become immense. And they now have a powerful ally in the White House, President George Bush. The President’s Faith-Based Initiative that seeks to eliminate the separation of church and State is transforming the United States into a “Christian” nation.
As shown below in Table 1, violence against abortion providers has been going on for decades, but has changed focus over the years to respond to political and legal conditions.
Incidents of Violence and Disruption Against Abortion Providers
Murders, Attempted Murders
Bombing, Arson, Attempted Bombing or Arson
Invasion, Assault & Battery, Vandalism, Trespassing, Death Threats, Burglary, Stalking
Hate Mail, Harassing Phone Calls, Bomb Threats
Arrests Made at Blockades
Number of Blockades
Number of Incidents of Picketing
Source: The National Abortion Federation (cited in Violence & harassment at U.S. abortion clinics)
In 1992, Operation Rescue along with other anti-abortion groups launched a national campaign dubbed “No Place to Hide.” This campaign was a response to the weakening of the anti-abortion political position that shifted tactics, from clinic protests and letter-writing campaigns to a campaign of terror, targeted primarily at the dwindling number of doctors who perform abortions (Fredericks, 1993).
In an attempt to force doctors to stop providing abortion and reproductive healthcare services the “No Place to Hide” campaign targeted abortion providers, clinic workers and their families with a multitude of harassment tactics (Burghardt). Methods included residential pickets and issuing “wanted” posters with the photograph, name, home address and weekly itinerary of abortion providers. In some cases, the family members of physicians and clinic workers, including small children were followed and harassed.
The founder of Operation Rescue, Randall Terry, said, “We’ve found that the weak link is the doctor…We’re going to expose them. We’re going to humiliate them” (Burghardt). Within a short time following this speech made in 1992 five people were murdered and fifteen other individuals were seriously wounded by anti-abortion assassin’s. On the weekend before the slaying of a doctor performing abortions in Pensacola, Florida, named Robert Gunn, Operation Rescue had distributed wanted posters with this doctor’s photograph and phone number (Fredericks, 1993).
The Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act of 1994 was signed into law in 1994, imposing huge fines and jail sentences for the illegal blockades of clinics. And, in 1994, the U.S. Department of Justice announced that federal marshals will provide protection to any abortion clinic requesting it (Violence & harassment at U.S. abortion clinics). These protections have decreased the number of blockades and the number of arrests at blockades. Now, anti-abortion organizations including Operation Rescue have changed tactics, and engaged in hate letters, harassing phone calls, bomb threats and picketing.
The RICO law, which was originally aimed at combating organized crime, has also been used against organizers of abortion clinic blockades in the mid-1990’s. RICO has been successfully used against Operation Rescue. In 1998, a U.S. District Court jury found that twenty-one acts of intimidation, including physical violence outside clinics, amounted to a vast enterprise of extortion under the RICO law (Johnson, 1998). The suit brought by the National Organization for Women named as defendants two militant anti-abortion groups, Operation Rescue and the Pro-Life Action League, and their leaders, Joseph Scheidler, Timothy Murphy and Andrew Scholberg. Randall Terry, the president of Operation Rescue, had earlier agreed to pay damages in a settlement.
The media is another way that anti-abortion groups try to garner support for their cause. However, most major newspapers support abortion rights on their editorial pages, and two major media studies have shown that eighty percent to ninety percent of U.S. journalists personally favor abortion rights (Shaw, 1990). Right-wing organizations are trying to reverse this trend. Many of their ideas and proposals are first developed at think tanks funded by right-wing foundations and corporations (Clinton, conspiracism, and the continuing culture war). The ideas are then tested within right-wing alternative media, such as small-circulation newsletters, journals, and direct mail appeals. As popular themes that resonate with conservative audiences emerge, they are moved into more mainstream corporate media through columns by conservatives, press releases picked up as articles in the print media, conversations on radio talk shows, and discussions on TV news roundtables.
Reaching a larger audience is helping to mobilize mass constituencies for right-wing ideas (Clinton, conspiracism, and the continuing culture war). Christian Right media is extensive and reflects a large subculture in our society. In late 1998, televangelist Jerry Falwell solicited funds to expand in order to rally America’s 200,000 conservative pastors who collectively speak to 50-60 million persons each week. In 1999 Pat Roberson’s 700 Club television program featured a special weeklong series of reports on “America’s Moral Crisis” including abortion. Viewers with concerns about the moral crises were urged to call the National Counseling Center, part of the Christian Broadcasting Network Ministry. The Center claims to have logged 5,000 calls per day.
Right-wing ideals are no longer limited to smaller right-wing niche media channels. The most notable example is Fox News Channel, conservative Rupert Murdoch’s 24-hour cable network that first aired in 1996 (Ackerman, 2001). Since its launch, Fox has become a central hub of the conservative movement’s well-oiled media machine. Together with the GOP organization and its satellite think tanks and advocacy groups, this network of fiercely partisan outlets — such as the Washington Times, the Wall Street Journal editorial page and conservative talk-radio shows like Rush Limbaugh’s — forms a highly effective media vehicle where GOP-friendly news stories such as the war against abortion can be promoted, repeated and amplified.
Following the September 11 attacks on America, Operation Rescue (now known at Operation Save America) released a statement that the attacks were retribution from God. According to OSA, because of the United States’ “basic disregard of the Law of God and for life…blood is coursing down the corridors of our schools, workplaces, and streets” (Operation Save America claims attacks on America “rebuke” for U.S. pro-choice policy).
The Operation Save America statement shows the similarities between this extremist group and those who use Islam as their cover. A Feminist Daily News Analysis reveals (Operation Save America claims attack on America “rebuke” for U.S. pro-choice policy):
Both groups use religion as a tool to promote fear and terror as they attempt to dismantle basic human and civil rights. Both groups target feminism as a symbol of Western progress, and ultimately, both groups threaten democracy itself by attempting to force their distorted religious views onto the modern world in an effort to dismantle freedom and civil liberties.”
The proliferation of domestic religious terror is similar to the rise of Islamic monistic theocracies and Jihad. In both cases, a truly religious person would never approve of the gross misuse of religion to justify terrorism. Indeed, Islamic and Operation Rescue extremists seem to be just as motivated by political and social factors as they are by religion.
Groups such as Operation Rescue/Operation Save America represent a dangerous threat not only to a woman’s right to choose, but also to broader freedoms such as the separation of church from state and the right to choose one’s own sexual orientation. Their agenda has gained tremendous political support and is quickly making headway into mainstream media. Legally, providers of abortion services have enjoyed some reprieve from violent activities conducted by anti-abortion groups through enforcement of the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act and application of RICO to financially cripple violent movements. However, these protections cannot be taken for granted as terrorists find ways to exploit religion to justify illegal violence, calling to question if the law can continue to protect a woman’s right to choice.
Ackerman, S. (2001, August). The most biased name in news. Extra! Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.fair.org/extra/0108/fox-main.html
Burghardt, T. “No place to hide” campaign fizzles. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.etext.org/Politics/Arm.The.Spirit/Antifa/or.no-place.april-1995
Clinton, conspiracism, and the continuing culture war. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.publiceye.org/conspire/clinton/Clintonculwar8-02.html
Fredericks, K. (1993). Anti-choice terrorism in the U.S. Green Left Weekly. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.greenleft.org.au/back/1993/94/94p28.htm
Johnson, D. (1998, April 21). Jury rules that anti-abortion leaders violated racketeering laws. New York Times. Retrieved May 15, 2004 from Web site: http://www.operationsaveamerica.org/wwworn/legal/nytimes.htm
Operation Rescue changes name, widens focus. Catholic World News. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.cwnews.com/news/viewstory.cfm?recnum=10173
Operation Rescue Colorado. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.nyx.net/~pfaustin/orco.html
Operation Save America claims attacks on America “rebuke” for U.S. pro-choice policy (2001, September 13). Feminist Daily News. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.feminist.org/news/newsbyte/uswirestory.asp?id=5797
Promise Keepers holds no promise for women. (1997, July 13). Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.feminist.org/news/pressstory.asp?id=4573
Shaw, D. (1990, July 1) Abortion bias seeps into news. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://swissnet.ai.mit.edu/~rauch/nvp/media/shaw1.html
The battle to defend abortion clinics: organizing against Operation Rescue. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.refuseandresist.org/ab/052401nypcc.html
The rise of the Religious Right in the Republican party. Retrieved May 16, 2004 from Web site: http://www.theocracywatch.org/
Violence & harassment at U.S. abortion clinics. Retrieved May 15, 2004 from Web site: http://www.religioustolerance.org/abo_viol.htm
Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
1. Place an order
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!