Psychology and more specifically, cross cultural psychology, has enhanced psychologists’ knowledge on the cultural aspects of psychology. However, the former mainly focuses on theories which may not essentially be applicable in real life situations. In line with this, there are felt influences of methodological flaws including a misunderstanding of the relationship between culture and psychology, inadequately defining and measuring cultural issues, ignoring the relationship between biology, culture and psychology besides wrong analyses of data thereby drawing flawed conclusions. This paper examines a research report on the same thereby outlining the methodological flaws thus suggesting an alternative way to research the problem.
In order to accomplish this, the paper is divided into three key parts starting with an introduction that defines the principal terms used end to end in the paper. The second portion highlights the methodological flaws in the article submitted and gives alternative ways of researching the problem.
Keywords: Cross cultural Psychology, methodological flaws, Culture
Before the writer proceeds with the lower part of the essay, it is essential to define the key terms used. In the first place, cross- cultural psychology is a division of psychology that seeks to explain the relationships between the cultural influences, and behavior of individuals. It focuses on the differences across all diverse cultures thereby evaluating such differences using comparative methods of evaluation. Precisely, cross-cultural psychology tries to explain and predict the disparities in cultural influences (Berry, 2004).
Methodological flaws, on the other hand refers to external factors that could affect the outcomes of psychological research findings including a misunderstanding of the relationship between culture and psychology, inadequately defining and measuring cultural issues, ignoring the relationship between biology, culture and psychology besides wrong analyses of data thereby drawing unsound conclusions (n.a, 2012).
Culture, refers to shared patterns of behaviors and interactions, cognitive constructs, and affective understanding acquired through the process of socialization. These shared patterns identify the members of a culture group while also distinguishing those of another group (Ashby, 2007).
Critiques of the Article
The writer of this paper tends to think contrary to the author of the article. Secondly to none, a substantial research should realize one of the following three objectives. The objectives include a specific, measurable, and accurate and time bound research. This article fails to accomplish the first of the three objectives. The author states that most children are exposed to science through informal learning contexts in museums, televisions and books. Despite the fact the statement is not specific, it is also not accurate.
In addition, fallacy is rampant in the first portion of the article when the author indicates that teachers encourage boys to work hard in class more than girls. In fact, this statement does not specify when and where the teachers fail to support the girl child and, therefore, the statement may not be relied upon as a representative sample.
During data collection, the researchers explained to the parents why they were videotaping. As a result, the writer of the essay strongly feels that there could be bias in the behavior of the parents. Certainly, the researchers would just video tape the visitors without necessarily briefing them about their research projects. This would probably reduce the bias.
In addition, the researchers would use more data collection tools including closed ended questionnaires and interviews to the visitors. This would allow them to collect valuable information that could be quantitatively analyzed.
Further, the researcher failed to include a tremendously influential variable that could have improved on the reliability of the research. This variable would be culture such that the visitors would be grouped according to their tribes. In fact, the article would have been more reliable if it focused on a group of individuals since, in reality, it is quite difficult to undertake research on all cultures (Crowley, 2001).
In the article, there were methodology flaws that included elimination of culture from the model which could provide a better outcome. Besides, during the analysis of data the researcher mainly relied on descriptive statistics, which could not be appropriate to draw valid conclusions. Descriptive statistics provides a highly simplistic analysis of data and, therefore, not recommended to make conclusions out of it. On the other hand, inferential statistics gives a deeper analysis of data thus drawing more reliable conclusions.
In order to come up with better results, the researcher needed to be more specific and accurate in the research. Besides, there was a need to use reliable data collection tools that would yield to both qualitative and quantitative data analysis. Furthermore, it was paramount for the researcher to use both descriptive and inferential statistics in order to draw conclusions.
In conclusion, it is crystal clear that the article has quite a number of defects as above highlighted and the writer of the paper strongly believes that the alternative approach to research the problem as indicated, should be closely followed so as to come up with better results.
Ashby. (2007). Learners Dictionary. Newyork: Oxford University Press.
Berry. (2004). The Psychological Foundations of Culture. Canadian Psychology, 4.
Crowley, K. (2001). Parents Explain More often to Boys than to Girls during shared Scientific thinking. Psychological Science Journal, 12(3), 258-265.
n.a. (2012). Need for cognition and sensitivity to Methodological Flaws. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 385-408.
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