The purpose of research, participants, and results


Research is significant in different professionals more so in academia. It is the basis for policy formulation and academic excellence. This essay has critically appraised a research article using the Critical Appraisal Skills Program (CASP) (Singh, 2013). Academic performance is essential among college students, yet there are challenges that Student academic life is filled with internal and external expectations leading to stress. The level of stress is mostly reported among adolescents. They are more vulnerable to stress since they are in a transitional stage that involves both social and individual development. It is important to understand the sources of academic stress and how it impacts academic performance for appropriate intervention strategies. The article has explained the research without being extensive or explaining the results. The abstract explains the purpose of research, participants, and results (Frazier, et al., 2019). It allows for the understanding of the limitations and possible recommendations on the improvements on errors and points of further research.

PART A – Critical appraisal


There are different professional, ethical and operational issues associated with the authorship of academic papers. Short term researchers have guidelines on authorship by supporting equitable system and follow formal requirements for institutional research policy. The research has demonstrated the ability to evaluate research evidence to avoid the assumption that all published sources of research are of equal validity and merit. Even in the critical appraisal of the research, we acknowledge past research and follow the concept of critical appraisal skills program (Singh, 2013). The research utilizes current literature to guide the discussion and reflection to come up with a conclusive analysis of the research article. The research article embraces ethical practice by acknowledging borrowed material and offering direction or permission for further research concerning the findings and topic of research.

Research question& Justification

The abstract outlines the research question and objectives of the study. The aims of the study have been concisely stated and numbered to reduce the possibility of inter-researcher confusion. It helps the researchers to focus on the research question. Readers can easily understand the research objectives (Collins, 2018). The authors clearly discussed their reasons for focusing on the relationship between stress and academic performance among college students. They agree and conclude that stress leads to poor academic performance among college students. They have also used previous research to confirm the objectives, findings and conclusions of the research (Frazier, et al., 2019). Understanding stress as an impediment to academic performance requires a student approach to research. The use of a qualitative approach to research allows the researchers to comprehensively understand the interplay of demographic information, psychological factors and academic performance.

Research design

The research design uses both qualitative and quantitative approaches that are appropriate to this type of research (Frazier, et al., 2019). Qualitative research is essential in explaining the attitudes, experiences and emotions of participants in relation to the impacts of stress on their performance. Qualitative research analyzes social phenomena hence gives individuals an opportunity to understand what people experience and why (Williams, 2010). Participants were asked to complete online surveys that assessed the perceived barriers to academic performance, GPA, psychological factors, and demographic information. Also, Martin & Gynnild (2011) recommends the use of past research to incorporate primary and secondary data to form theory. The grounded theory design explains the social phenomenon and human behaviour. In this case, it would add more insight into this research as it aims at discussing behaviour in relation to performance. Stress is directly linked to performance whereby lower GPA is closely associated with stress.

Research methods

The researchers used a considerable sample of (N=8,997) from 20 Midwestern schools to find a representative group that will make sure all participants contribute to the data (Frazier, et al., 2019). The purposive sampling method was aimed at finding participants who experienced stress and how it impacted their performance. However, purposive sampling may be subject to bias because it is highly targeted and forms a specific group. On the other hand, the method assures that the correct target group is selected (Etikan, Musa & Alkassim, 2016). The process of collecting representative stress sample has been explained through the involvement of students from different schools.

Collection of data using semi-structured interviews was appropriate in addressing the research question and objectives. It was not clearly indicated about the subjective experiences of the students to determine the level of stress due to lack of recordings. The researchers should have stated the location of interviews to add to the social context of the surveys. One would be left wondering if the surveys were carried out in a controlled environment.

Results and Limitations

The results show a clear statement of findings whereby the data has thematically been analyzed and discussed in a logical manner as per the aims of the research (Frazier, et al., 2019). Clearly presented results allow the reader to find the major points and recommend possible action points (Hinshaw, 2011). The use of specific quotes from the surveyor interviews increases the dependability of the results. The researchers managed to challenge their study by referencing other authors. It shows the lack of prejudice and bias where one would want to favour their results.

However, the credibility and value of the research are limited. The researchers failed to discuss the credibility of the findings to reduce the level of bias. The findings relate to the current state of stress in schools and do not borrow much from past research. The credibility of research can be improved by giving the participants or respondents the findings to give their views. The value of research is limited because the researchers have acknowledged that the research is only a basis for more research.

PART B – Enablers and Barriers

Stress in university students can affect academic performance. Based on the scenario, Choose, a first-year international student is worried about the possibility of completing her three-year program if she cannot even manage to pass her first year. Joanne’s advice to encourage her to pick herself up is the first step to overcoming the effects of stress. It brings us to our research question of whether stress can affect academic performance in university students. The research answers the research question based on the findings from a study conducted among college students.

Based on the findings from the research (Frazier, et al., 2019), students who reported that stress affected their performance had lower GPAs. The results are consistent with Joanne’s initial advice to Chooseya asking her not to worry as it would lead to more failure. The research concludes that stress-reduction interventions should target psychological factors that relate to perceiving stress as a barrier and to good performance. The study successfully examined the accuracy of the perceptions about stress and academic performance. The researchers identified demographic and psychological factors among students with different perceptions of how stress affects performance.

There are more factors besides stress that may lead to student underperformance in college. However, the research was limited to the perceptions of stress and its relation to academic performance. More research should be done to carry on with the current findings to look into other factors that may lead to student underperformance in college. It is because; students are engaged in many activities that may not because stress or underperformance directly. The research has affirmed Joanne’s indication that it would lead to more failure if Chooseya chose to be more stressed.


The research has a strong background and objectives that add to a good presentation and structure. It has utilized qualitative methods of research to gain views from students to clarify the question about the relationship between stress and student performance. The researchers may not be building a new theory but notwithstanding, it builds on past research and perceptions to provide answers to some pressing questions in academia. The results are clearly presented as per the aims of the research. the level of bias and credibility requires more consideration. The research should inform future practice by providing a basis on which more research can be done. The original data and strategy for improvement make the data values in the field of academia. Anyone can assess the findings and give their opinion or recommendations to further for implementation of the findings or direct future research.


Frazier, P., Gabriel, A., Merians, A., & Lust, K. (2019). Understanding stress as an impediment to academic performance. Journal of American College Health, 67(6), 562-570.

Singh, J. (2013). Critical appraisal skills programme. Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics, 4(1), 76.

Collins, H. (2018). Creative research: the theory and practice of research for the creative industries. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Martin, V. B., & Gynnild, A. (Eds.). (2011). Grounded theory: The philosophy, method, and work of Barney Glaser. Universal-Publishers.

Etikan, I., Musa, S. A., & Alkassim, R. S. (2016). Comparison of convenience sampling and purposive sampling. American journal of theoretical and applied statistics, 5(1), 1-4.

Get professional assignment help cheaply

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason may is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Our essay writers are graduates with diplomas, bachelor, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college diploma. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the area of specialization of the writer.

Why choose our academic writing service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper