“The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber”

The short story “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber” unfolds with Francis Macomber, his wife, Margaret (referred in the short story as Margot), and Robert Wilson; a professional hunter paid to guide them in their adventure in an African safari (tour). They begin where the trio is making lunch at their camp in Africa. The Macomber’s are an affluent American couple; of a high socially class in Africa on a safari. They begin discussing the morning’s hunt. The subject of discussion appears to trigger some discomfort among them, and quickly the source of their uneasiness is exposed. While hunting a lion, Francis Macomber fears and takes to his heals. He appears uncomfortable about it, and Wilson attempts to restore his confidence. Wilson in fact has little admiration for Macomber, but conceals this fact. Margot, on the other hand, makes several ironic references to the occurrence (Ernest, 5)

Francis and Margot’s marriage absolutely crumbles after Francis escapes from a lion instead of killing it. This action of cowardice by Francis sees Margot abandons his side to sleep with Robert Wilson that night. Francis is infuriated by Margot’s unfaithfulness and the following day, he fires at three buffalos and killing one of them. This is in an attempt to impress his wife, whom he views as involved with Wilson (Hemingway, 4).

After the incident, he changes completely and he fells a natural irrational joy that he had never experienced prior. Henceforth, he no longer worries and fears anything. Wilson is flabbergasted but at the same time pleased by his transformation.  Margot, on the other hand, is appalled and dreaded by her loss of control (Josh). When Macomber and Wilson hunt down and try to kill a wounded buffalo, she “unintentionally” kills her spouse with a gun while shooting at the buffalo. Francis matured as a person and Margot could not handle it (Hemingway, 17).

Themes

There are various themes that are depicted in this short story. Modernism is reflected in yet another theme of self discovery (Jorg). There are several questions that are asked that related with self-discovery. For instance “What am I in it?”, “What is my function in the universe?”, “What are the limits of Knowledge?” as well as “What s Real?” Besides, modernism is depicted when traditional values are no longer observed. For example, Margot starts a new relationship with Wilson. This also brings about another theme of love and betrayal. (Vogelmann, 3).

Courage and Cowardice; Robert Wilson is reflected as courageous man. He a professional hunter who is hired by Francis to guided him and his wife Margot in an adventure in their tour of Africa.  His courage actually makes him to be attractive to Margot who actually not only flirts with him in the course of their safari in Africa but also leaves her husband to sleep with Wilson.  In addition, Margot also can be argued to be a courageous woman who actually gained the courage to shot to kill a “buffalo” which she thinks endangers her husband’s life.  Notably, Francis is depicted as a coward by the fact that he escapes from a “life threatening” wounded lion. His fear is what actually leads to the trouble hat he faces in his marriage.

Masculinity is a theme that is featured much in this play. Here we see Francis out to prove to his wife that he is actually not a coward as she thinks. He involves himself in hunting an activity which portrays courage which is associated with masculinity. Hemingway asserts that true men are brave and bodily fit, confident and conceal doubts and insecurities to themselves (Grade Saver). Besides, Hemingway’s male ideal in this story is reflected Wilson, who is a hunter who lives, works, fires, and executes wild animals in the wilderness, and is physically courageous.

In addition, coming of age is in fact another theme in the play. According to Strychacz (14) “Macomber enters into his manhood in his thirty-fifth year….” This shows that he is maturing a thus coming of age. Besides, Macomber enters manhood through his attempts to please his wife as a courageous man. He actually competes with Wilson to win her affection. According to George, women are fascinated with courageous men. Further, death is theme that is echoed in the play. Francis escapes from a wounded lion and he is afraid for his dear life, finally he is murdered in a cold blood by his wife maggot; who fear loss of her control over him (Ben).

Conflict is a theme that cannot pass unnoticed. According to Karen , there is conflicts surrounding these three, first there is the conflict between Macomber and Margot, Macomber and Francis and the major between Macomber and himself because he cannot stand up to his wife. In the first two hunting expeditions, Macomber is in fear and has no confidence to kill a lion but later when he points to shoot a buffalo his confidence is seen to have grown. His gained courage makes Margot feels threatened for Macomber could end their marriage and she could end up losing his wealth, hence she kills him.

 

 

 

 

Characters and their character traits.

The main characters in the play “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber” are Francis Macomber, his wife, Margaret referred in the short story as Margot, and Robert Wilson who is a tour guide.

Francis Macomber

The affluent central character of “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber,” who engages Robert Wilson to take him and his wife on an expedition and then proceeds to disgrace himself by running away from a wounded lion in the bush. He is subjugated by his wife Margot for the majority of the narrative and is infuriated but helpless when he finds out she has slept with Wilson; in vengeance for his own display of cowardice. Subsequent triumphant buffalo hunting; Macomber becomes the hunted when he is gunned down by his wife. He is depicted as coward, an adventurer, powerless, rich, childish although he become of age after killing a lion.

 

Margot Macomber

She in Francis’s wife in the short story “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber.” She is the major antagonist of the narrative; she controls Macomber before he disgraces himself with the lion, disgraces her husband by flirting and consequently sleeping with Wilson, and shoots him just as he displays signs of taking control of their marriage. It is uncertain, nonetheless, whether she planned to execute him at the end of the short story. She is depicted as cruel, hard, powerful, courageous, unfaithful, and a “murderer”.

 

 

 

Robert Wilson

Is a professional hunter who is hired by Francis Macomber to take him and his wife Margot on safari in the story “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber.” He is at first scornful to Macomber and fascinated by the wife of Francis, but he observes Macomber’s “coming of age” during the hunting the buffalo. He blames Margot of knowingly shooting to slay her husband, but it is undecided if he is truly convinced she is a murderess or if he is just trying to provoke her.

Setting

The short story “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber”  was published in the September, 1936, by Ernest Hemingway.  The setting of the short story “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber” is in African savanna (Kuhne,  22). The story is founded upon a real disgrace that had taken place in Kenya concerning Francis and his wife Margot were in love affair and the wife’s implication in his death which was suppressed in the media and covered up by the British government during the colonial period.

Style

 

“The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber” is set in the African savanna, to which Macomber  and his wife Margot have come on a hunting mission, guide  by Robert Wilson. The hunting outing ends in catastrophe when Mr. Macomber stands his ground before an alleged buffalo and he is shot by his wife and left to die.

 

 

 

Symbolism

A great deal of symbolism contributes to the meaning of this story. The dichotomy of campsite and savanna provides a symbolic meaning of the disparities that exist between Macomber and Robert Wilson. To depart from the site is to disappear from the world of comfort and luxury that the Macomber usually likes. The savanna represents Wilson’s world, the natural, savage strength of nature. The lion and the buffalo are symbolic images of natural world itself and its brutality besides its force, also draw closer to symbolize the differences in courage.

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

C., George. The short happy life of Francis Macomber. Literature and language. 1 January 2008.

29 April 2011.

Ernest, Hemingway. The complete short stories of Ernest Hemingway. New York: Simon and

Schuster, 1998.

G., Ben. Analysis of the short happy life of Francis Macomber. Crime of opportunity. 1 January

  1. 29 April 2011 <http://searchwarp.com/Author32881.htm>.

Grade, Saver. Grade Saver. 28 April 2011. 28 April 2011

<http://www.gradesaver.com/complete-short-stories-of-ernest-hemingway/study-guide/section2/>.

Hemingway, E. The Short happy life of Francis Macomber. 01 January 1963. 28 April 2011

<http://74.125.155.132/scholar?q=cache:tS_erD9v_9IJ:scholar.google.com/+%E2%80%9CThe+Short+Happy+Life+of+Francis+Macomber%E2%80%9D&hl=en&as_sdt=0, 5>.

Kuhne, Dave. African settings in contemporary American novels. Westport, Conn. [u.a.]:

Greenwood Press, 1999.

S, Josh. Hemmingway, Ernest. The short happy life of Francis Macomber. Meaning of short

happy life of Francis Macomber. 1 January 2004. 29 April 2011.

Smith, James. Analysis of “The Short Happy Life of Francis Makomber”. 28 April 2011. 28

April 2011 <http://jsmyth.wordpress.com/2001/10/26/analysis-of-the-short-happy-life-of-francis-macomber/>.

Strychacz, Thomas F. Hemingway’s theaters of masculinity. Baton Rouge : LSU Press, 2003.

Vogelmann, Jörg. Ernest Hemingway: “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber”:

Incidentsand Constellations that Lead to the Self-discovery of Francis Macomber. Norderstedt: GRIN Verlag, 2008.

Vogelmann, Jorg. The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber: Incidents and constellations that

lead to the self-discovery of Francis Macomber. 1 January 2004. 29 April 2011 <http://www.grin.com/e-book/114501/ernest-hemingway-the-short-happy-life-of-francis-macomber>.

 


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

fast coursework help

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason may is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Our essay writers are graduates with diplomas, bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college diploma. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the area of specialization of the writer.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

How It Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essayPLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH ESSAY OVEN TODAY AND GET AN AMAZING DISCOUNT

order custom essay paper

3,766 comments

  1. Thank you for the good writeup. It actually was once a leisure account it.

    Glance complicated to more brought agreeable from
    you! By the way, how can we keep in touch?

  2. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this
    onto a friend who was conducting a little homework
    on this. And he actually ordered me dinner simply because I stumbled upon it for
    him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanks for spending some time to talk about this subject here on your
    web page.

  3. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thanks, However I am having issues with your RSS.
    I don’t understand the reason why I cannot join it. Is there anybody having similar RSS issues?

    Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond?

    Thanx!!

  4. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my site so i
    came to “return the favor”.I’m attempting to find
    things to improve my web site!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  5. After looking into a handful of the articles on your website, I truly appreciate your technique of blogging. I added it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back soon. Take a look at my website too and let me know how you feel.|

  6. I think everything posted was very logical. However, consider this, what if you added a little information? I ain’t suggesting your information isn’t good., however suppose you added a headline to possibly grab people’s attention? I mean BLOG_TITLE is a little vanilla. You might peek at Yahoo’s front page and note how they create article headlines to grab people interested. You might add a related video or a related pic or two to get readers interested about what you’ve written. Just my opinion, it would bring your website a little bit more interesting.|

  7. Hey there! I’ve been reading your site for some time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from
    Houston Texas! Just wanted to say keep up the great work!

  8. Quality articles is the crucial to be a focus for the people to visit the web site, that’s what this web page is providing.
    0mniartist asmr

  9. Great blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A design like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog stand out.
    Please let me know where you got your design. Many thanks

  10. Hello very nice blog!! Man .. Beautiful .. Superb .. I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds also? I am satisfied to find numerous helpful info here in the post, we need develop extra strategies in this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .|

  11. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital
    to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access
    consistently fast.

  12. Thanks for the thoughts you are sharing on this blog. Another thing I want to say is always that getting hold of some copies of your credit rating in order to scrutinize accuracy of each and every detail will be the first step you have to perform in credit restoration. You are looking to cleanse your credit reports from destructive details problems that screw up your credit score.

  13. I have been browsing online more than three hours today,
    yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if
    all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the
    web will be much more useful than ever before.

  14. Really good info I always like to read and spread such information which is unique and in fact informative. Keep up the good work.
    live satta king result super fast satta result satta king sattaking satta king 2021 gali desawar faridabad ghaziyabad satta king game online game result sattaking.
    Read More:- https://sattaking-satta-king.com/

  15. I am really loving the theme/design of your website. Do you
    ever run into any web browser compatibility problems? A number of my
    blog audience have complained about my site not working
    correctly in Explorer but looks great in Opera. Do you have any ideas to help fix this issue?

  16. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You definitely know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could be giving us something informative to read?|

  17. Have you ever considered publishing an ebook or guest authoring on other
    sites? I have a blog based upon on the same topics you
    discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I
    know my visitors would appreciate your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free
    to send me an email.

  18. Hi, for all time i used to check weblog posts here early in the daylight, because i love to find out more and more.

  19. You are so awesome! I don’t believe I’ve read through anything
    like that before. So good to discover someone with genuine thoughts on this topic.
    Really.. thanks for starting this up. This web site is one thing that
    is required on the web, someone with a little originality!

  20. Hi, I do think this is a great site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will return once again since i have saved as a favorite it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.|

  21. Greеtings I am so excited I found your weblog, I really found
    you by accident, ѡhile I was researching on Yahoo for something else, Anyways I am here now andd would just like to say thanks a
    lot for a fantastic post and a all гound entertaining blog (I
    alsо love the theme/design), I ɗon’t have time to go through it all ɑt
    the minute but I have savd iit and also added your RSS feeds, so when I haave time I wіll be
    backk to read a lot more, Please do keep
    upp the awesome b.

    Also visit my page Jake Barey Medwеll – http://www.rometransfersairport.com

  22. Mayy I simply say what a comfort to find somebody that really knws
    what they aare discussing on the net. You actually know how to
    bring an issue to light and make it important.
    More and more people need to check this out and understand this side of your story.

    I was surprised that you aren’t more popular since yyou definitely have the gift.

    تجارب الخيارات الثنائية website توصية محفظة بيتكوين

  23. Very good information. Lucky me I came across your website
    by accident (stumbleupon). I’ve book-marked it for later!

  24. Wonderful beat ! I wish to apprentice even as you amend your site, how could i subscribe
    for a blog website? The account aided me a applicable
    deal. I have been tiny bit familiar of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea

    my website … seo tips and tricks

  25. I’m not sure where you are getting your info, but good topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
    Thanks for fantastic information I was looking for this
    information for my mission.

  26. Только вскройте первую попавшуюся категорию,
    и вы непременно теперь уже часами
    вовсе не сумеете подняться со вашего места.
    Указанный сервис сумеет реализовать разнообразные сокровенные грезы.

    Обнаженные арабки, маленькие азиатки, знойные блондинки и также скрытые рыжулипревосходно понимают, каким способом мгновенно взбудоражить каждого мужчину.

    Практически все эти нимфоманки
    были зарождены как никогда в пользу того момента,
    дабы творить радость мужикам.
    Мы усердствуемся постоянно обновлять на web-сайте.
    Вы непременно стабильно найдете что либо
    сверхновое и также неизменно теплое.
    Эксклюзивные бонусные галереи возможны всем совершеннолетним наблюдателям.
    Приплюсуйте ресурс в закладки вашего браузера и тут лично вы истинно ни в коем случае не лишитесь его и сумеете
    подрочить в любое время дня суток и ночи.

    https://rus-kiska.su

  27. Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know
    a few of the pictures aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why
    but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers
    and both show the same outcome.

  28. Simply want to say your article is as astounding.
    The clearness in your post is just great and i could assume you’re
    an expert on this subject. Well with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed
    to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and
    please continue the rewarding work.

  29. Attractive section of article content.
    I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I
    acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Anyway I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently
    fast.

  30. Link exchange is nothing else but it is only placing the other person’s webpage link on your
    page at suitable place and other person will also do same in favor of you.

  31. Hello are using WordPress for your site platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my
    own. Do you require any html coding expertise to
    make your own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

  32. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
    Look advanced to more added agreeable from you!

    By the way, how could we communicate?

  33. Thanks on your marvelous posting! I seriously enjoyed reading it,
    you could be a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and
    definitely will come back down the road. I want to encourage one
    to continue your great work, have a nice morning!

  34. Hello are using WordPress for your site platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up
    my own. Do you need any coding knowledge to make your own blog?

    Any help would be really appreciated!

  35. Howdy! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading
    this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept chatting about this.
    I will forward this write-up to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read.
    Thank you for sharing!

  36. Hey there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I
    came to give it a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting
    this to my followers! Exceptional blog and amazing design and style.