What does the term globalization mean?

What does the term globalization mean?

Globalization is the process whereby products, notions and services extend or disperse all over the world. Globalization occurs due to the increasing interdependence of financial prudence, cultures and people, which is a result of trading goods and services as well as the flow of technology across nations. The interaction and incorporation of individuals, firms and governments due to investment, global trade and technology bring about globalization.

2. How does Friedman define the three eras of globalization?

The three eras that Friedman define include globalization 1.0, which began in 1492 and ended in 1800. Friedman asserts that this era focused on nations whereby it concentrated on how much wind and steam power a country had and how the state used it creatively. The second era is globalization 2.0, which commenced in 1800 and ended in 2000. According to Friedman, the vibrant aspects that were driving modifications in this era consisted of multinational firms hence leading the world to move from medium to small size. The third era was globalization 3.0, which is the current era since 2000. This era has resulted in a flat world podium due to fibre optic internet connections which allow small organizations and people to go worldwide.

3. Which technologies have had the biggest effect on globalization?

The technologies that have had a huge impact on globalization include worldwide web, software workflow and interface of windows.

4. What are some of the advantages brought about by globalization?

Globalization has enabled entities to get approaches on how to produce their goods at a lower cost. Besides, it has reduced prices and established variety of choices for customers due to elevated competition hence making people in the developing nations to live better lives at a lower cost. Also globalization has increased job opportunities, markets as well as innovation.

5. What are the challenges of globalization?

Globalization can make organizations to face technological issues when performing businesses in foreign nations. Globalization can also contribute to decrease in job chances as firms move their business overseas. Other challenges include legal restrictions, different customs and languages while doing business.

6. What does the term digital divide mean?

Digital divide is unfair circulation in access to and use of data and communications technology among different groups based on social or geographical aspects.

7. What are Jakob Nielsen’s three stages of the digital divide?

The three stages of digital divide by Jakob Nielsen’s include economic, usability and empowerment divide.

8. What was one of the key points of The Rise of the Network Society?

One of the main points of the rise of the network society is that the international financial activity was different from the past because it is a monetary system with the ability to function as an organization in actual time on a global scale.

9. Which country has the highest average Internet speed? How does your country compare?

South Kore has the highest internet speed as it has an average connection speed of 28.6.

10. What is the OLPC project? Has it been successful?

OLPC project is a non-profit program that ais to transform education for children globally. OLPC project involves creating and allocating educational equipment’s and softwares for the developing realm. The project began in 2007 and has not yet been successful due to the great recession.

Exercises 1.

Compare the concept of Friedman’s “Globalization 3.0″ with Nielsen empowerment stage of the digital divide

The third era of globalization is similar to Nielsen empowerment stage of digital divide because both concentrate how people use technology to invest. The two asserts that technology has allowed people to be productive and empower themselves. Although the two are describing how technology has impacted people, Friedman’s third era of globalization sees technology to be of great help to people even in communicating and working together while the empowerment divide assert that only few people used the internet to empower themselves.

. What does the term information systems ethics mean?

Information system ethics are moral rules and guidelines of an organization that allow people to make choices to guide their conduct.

2. What is a code of ethics? What is one advantage and one disadvantage of a code of ethics?

A code of ethics is a blueprint that states the appropriate conducts for certain experts or social group. An advantage of code of ethics is that is explains the tolerable principles of behavior for a certain group. A disadvantage on the other hand is that appropriate administration of moral codes often need hiring of an ethics expert and the dedication of a firms resources and finance.

3. What does the term intellectual property mean? Give an example.

Intellectual property is the establishments of names, images and inventions employed in businesses. An example of intellectual property is patent which are granted for novel inventions and they provide a person with the right to prevent others from using their invention.

4. What protections are provided by a copyright? How do you obtain one?

Copyright protects the original work of a person including musical and dramatic works as well as computer software and architecture. A copyright is obtained immediately a creative work like a book or song is created. Anything created and falls in the category of copyright protection enables a person to be protected in the entire world.

5. What is fair use?

Fair use is a protection against a claim of patent violation.

6. What protections are provided by a patent? How do you obtain one?

Patents provides guarantee that nobody can manipulate the original idea of a person for financial benefits. A person can acquire a patent by filling in an application from the patent station. The patent is then granted when the work of an individual is deemed to be original.

7. What does a trademark protect? How do you obtain one?

Trademarks safeguards logo, phrases or words in goods and services of goods and services. Trademarks are acquired through registration in the trademark offices.

8. What does the term personally identifiable information mean?

This is any amount of data that is used to recognize a certain person. This consists of monetary accounts, login details and addresses among others.

9. What protections are provided by HIPAA, COPPA, and FERPA?

HIPAA safeguards details connected to healthcare while COPPA protects data gathered from children that are not more than thirteen years. FERPA on the other hand protects information of students from various institutions.

10. How would you explain the concept of NORA?

The concept of NORA involves collection of massive amount of data from various sectors and then putting it together to establish profiles of people.

Exercises 1.

Provide one example of how information technology has created an ethical dilemma that would not have existed before the advent of information technology

Ethical problems in information technology has raised ransomware attacks whereby hackers penetrate a computer network. Hackers take control of a network and then demand for a password that can liberate it and if a ransom is not paid a person may lose all the information stored in the network.

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